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U+82F4, 苴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82F4

[U+82F3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82F5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月一 (TBM), four-corner 44107, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1024, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30813
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1484, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3190, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+82F4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
苴-oracle.svg 苴-seal.svg 苴-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zraː, *ʔsa, *ʔsaʔ, *sʰa): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *sʰjaːʔ, *ʔsa).

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “are all these pronunciations related?”)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (13)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 10412
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsa/
Definitions[edit]

  1. female hemp plant; seed-bearing hemp
  2. seeds of female hemp
  3. coarse; rough
  4. gunny; sackcloth
  5. gunny sack; package; cattail bag
  6. to package
  7. to patch; to mend
  8. Alternative form of (, “marshland full of waterweed”).
  9. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4 1/4
Initial () (13) (14)
Final () (22) (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨʌX/ /t͡sʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨə̆X/ /t͡sʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɔX/ /t͡sʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭoX/ /t͡sʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯woX/ /t͡sʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
No. 10417 10428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaʔ/ /*sʰa/
Definitions[edit]

  1. grass insole; pad in shoe

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (20)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐaɨ/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒa/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chá
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 10393
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zraː/
Definitions[edit]

  1. floating weed; dead grass
  2. (historical) A vassal state of the State of Shu during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. humic soil; dregs; dross
  2. Alternative form of (zhā, “hawthorn”).
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “straw”).
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (historical) Only used in 羊苴咩 (“Yangxiemie, capital city of Nanzhao at modern-day Dali”).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) to lay something on a surface
  2. (Min Nan) cushion; pad

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (so)
  • Kan-on: しょ (sho)
  • Kun: あさ (asa, ); つと (tsuto)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune–Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thư, tra, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.