Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03
Code point U+4E03
Entity number 七
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E02] [U+4E04]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
七-order.gif
Stroke order
七-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
七-oracle.svg 七-bronze.svg 七-silk.svg 七-bigseal.svg 七-seal.svg

The character 七 was originally a picture of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other, meaning something like, "cut and throw away the remainder." "Seven" is a borrowed meaning.

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
  • (Chinese financial form):

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial
𠀁 ancient
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s ‎(seven).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sit̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final: (48)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/ /t͡sʰit̚/ /t͡sʰjet̚/ /t͡sʰit̚/ /t͡sʰiĕt̚/ /t͡sʰĭĕt̚/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tshit › /*[tsʰ]i[t]/ seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9910 1 /*sn̥ʰid/

Noun[edit]

  1. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.

Numeral[edit]

  1. seven

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なな, romaji nana)

  1. seven
  2. a gambler
Related terms[edit]
  • See below (related terms for pronunciation 2)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しち, romaji shichi)

  1. seven
Related terms[edit]

Number[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

(しち, shichi) or (なな, nana)

  1. seven; 7
    なな (nana) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chil)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chil, McCune-Reischauer: ch'il, Yale: chil)
  • Name (hangeul): 일곱 (revised: ilgop, McCune-Reischauer: ilgop, Yale: ilkop)
  1. seven

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.