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U+4E03, 七
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03

[U+4E02]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E04]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes
Stroke order
七-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 1, +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition(GHJKV) or ⿻(T))

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial
𠀁 ancient
financial; ancient

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
七-oracle.svg 七-bronze.svg 七-silk.svg 七-slip.svg 七-seal.svg 七-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd
*sʰiːds
*sʰiːd
*sn̥ʰid
*sn̥ʰid
*n̥ʰjid

The character was originally a pictogram of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other – original character of (OC *sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd, “to cut”).

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s (seven).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: qí - a variant (and regional) sandhi tone when it occurs before fourth-tone syllables.
Note:
  • chhit - literary;
  • chhiak - vernacular.
Note: cêg4 - Jieyang.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[t]/
English seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9910
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰid/

Definitions[edit]

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.
  3. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of 𨳍.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

  • Ai-Cham: sit⁷
  • Tai: *cetᴰ (see there for further descendants)

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Normal
(小寫小写)
亿 (Taiwan)
萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
Financial
(大寫大写)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. seven
  2. seventh
  3. seven times

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Kanji in this term
しち
Grade: 1
goon
  • (financial form)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰiɪt̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi)

  1. seven, 7
Usage notes[edit]
  • なな (nana, see below) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky. Compare (yon, shi).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
なな
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Possibly from Goguryeo *nanə-n?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven, 7
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. a seven
  2. a gambler
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana なな, rōmaji Nana)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
Irregular

Shortening from nana above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji na)

  1. (colloquial) seven, 7

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1
Irregular

Borrowed from Mandarin ()

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(katakana チー, rōmaji chī)

  1. seven, 7
Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Numbers in Japanese
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
 (れい) (rei)
ゼロ (zero)
 (いち) (ichi)  () (ni)  (さん) (san)  (よん) (yon)
 () (shi)
 () (go)  (ろく) (roku)  (なな) (nana)
 (しち) (shichi)
 (はち) (hachi)  (きゅう) (kyū)
 () (ku)
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
 (じゅう) ()  (じゅう) (いち) (jūichi)  (じゅう) () (jūni)  (じゅう) (さん) (jūsan)  (じゅう) (よん) (jūyon)
 (じゅう) () (jūshi)
 (じゅう) () (jūgo)  (じゅう) (ろく) (jūroku)  (じゅう) (なな) (jūnana)
 (じゅう) (しち) (jūshichi)
 (じゅう) (はち) (jūhachi)  (じゅう) (きゅう) (jūkyū)
 (じゅう) () (jūku)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 일곱 (ilgop chil))

  1. seven

Old Japanese[edit]

Old Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :
    Ordinal : 七つ

Etymology[edit]

Unbound apophonic form of なの (⟨nano2 → nano).

Numeral[edit]

(nana)

  1. seven, 7
    • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 15)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      大和 (やまと) (たか) () () ()なな ()くをとめども (たれ)をし ()かむ [Modern spelling]
      Yamato no Takasajino o nana yuku otome-domo tare o shi makamu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (nana)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: thất ((thích)(tất)(thiết))[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: thất[2], sất[1]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]