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U+4E03, 七
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E03

[U+4E02]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E04]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
七-order.gif
Stroke order
2 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial
𠀁 ancient

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
七-oracle.svg 七-bronze.svg 七-silk.svg 七-bigseal.svg 七-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd
*sʰiːds
*sʰiːd
*sn̥ʰid
*sn̥ʰid
*n̥ʰjid

The character was originally a picture of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other, meaning something like, “cut and throw away the remainder”. (OC *sn̥ʰiːds, *sn̥ʰiːd) represents the graphical meaning.

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s (seven).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: qí - a variant (and regional) sandhi tone when it occurs before fourth-tone syllables.
Note:
  • chhit - literary;
  • chhiak - vernacular.
Note: cêg4 - Jieyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]i[t]/
English seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9910
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sn̥ʰid/

Definitions[edit]

  1. seven
  2. (printing) agate: The size of type between 小六 (xiǎoliù, “little 6”) and (, “8”), standardized as 5½ point.
  3. (Cantonese, vulgar) Alternative form of ().

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (しち) (shichi);  (しつ) (shitsu)
  • Korean: (, chil)
  • Vietnamese: thất ()

Others:

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿

万亿
Financial




亿

万亿

Japanese[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven
  2. a gambler
Related terms[edit]
  • See below (related terms for pronunciation 2)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi)

  1. seven
Related terms[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana しち, rōmaji shichi, alternative reading なな, rōmaji nana)

  1. seven; 7

Usage notes[edit]

  • なな (nana) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chil)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: chil, McCune-Reischauer: ch'il, Yale: chil)
    • Name (hangeul): 일곱 (revised: ilgop, McCune-Reischauer: ilgop, Yale: ilkop)
  1. seven

Old Japanese[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Old Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  6 7 8  > 
    Cardinal :
    Ordinal :

(nana)

  1. seven

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (nana)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.