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U+516B, 八
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516B

[U+516A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516C]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes
Stroke order
八-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 竹人 (HO), four-corner 80000, composition丿(GHT) or ⿰丿(JKV))

  1. Kangxi radical #12, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №16

Usage notes[edit]

Minor strokes in the shape of or , as in the top of 𠔉 and , can be referred by this radical. These are often written as in modern texts. Compare /, and different forms of /.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 274, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 241, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+516B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
八-oracle.svg 八-bronze.svg ACC-b00945.svg 八-silk.svg 八-slip.svg 八-seal.svg 八-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 八 is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of "to divide". This character is later borrowed to mean "eight" because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete (now represented by ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms financial

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat (eight). Compare Tibetan བརྒྱད (brgyad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bá - a less common tone sandhi variant of 八 when it occurs before a departing-tone character, e.g. 八路.
Note:
  • poeh/peh - vernacular;
  • pat - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ba
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁret/
    English eight

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 89
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*preːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. eight
    2. many, numerous
    3. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.
    4. Short for 八卦 (bāguà).
      1. to gossip (about); to stick one's nose in
      2. (Cantonese) nosey; meddling
        [Cantonese]  ―  baat3 po4 [Jyutping]  ―  nosey parker; meddling woman
    5. A surname​.
    See also[edit]
    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (はち) (hachi)
    • Korean: (, pal)
    • Vietnamese: bát ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp. #

    From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat (cut apart, cut open). Cognate to (bié).

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ba
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁret/
    English eight

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 89
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*preːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to divide; to differentiate

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to know”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  7 8 9  > 
        Cardinal :

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (file)

    Numeral[edit]

    (はち) (hachi

    1. eight, 8

    Noun[edit]

    (はち) (hachi

    1. eight
    2. Short for 八の.
    3. Short for 八兵衛.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    The ablaut form of (yo, four), which it doubles.

    Noun[edit]

    () (ya

    1. eight
    Related terms[edit]

    Coordinate terms[edit]

    Japanese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
    Regular (れい) (rei)
    (ゼロ) (zero)
    (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (よん) (yon)
    () (shi)
    () (go) (ろく) (roku) (なな) (nana)
    (しち) (shichi)
    (はち) (hachi) (きゅう) (kyū)
    () (ku)
    (じゅう) ()
    Formal (いち) (ichi) () (ni) (さん) (san) (じゅう) ()
    90 100 300 600 800 1,000 3,000 8,000 10,000 100,000,000
    Regular (きゅう)(じゅう) (kyūjū) (ひゃく) (hyaku)
    (いっ)(ぴゃく) (ippyaku)
    (さん)(びゃく) (sanbyaku) (ろっ)(ぴゃく) (roppyaku) (はっ)(ぴゃく) (happyaku) (せん) (sen)
    (いっ)(せん) (issen)
    (さん)(ぜん) (sanzen) (はっ)(せん) (hassen) (いち)(まん) (ichiman) (いち)(おく) (ichioku)
    Formal (いち)(まん) (ichiman)
    1012 8×1012 1013 1016 6×1016 8×1016 1017 1018
    (いっ)(ちょう) (itchō) (はっ)(ちょう) (hatchō) (じゅっ)(ちょう) (jutchō) (いっ)(けい) (ikkei) (ろっ)(けい) (rokkei) (はっ)(けい) (hakkei) (じゅっ)(けい) (jukkei) (ひゃっ)(けい) (hyakkei)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 여덟 (yeodeol pal))

    1. eight
    2. eight times
    3. to divide

    Numeral[edit]

    (pal) (hangeul )

    1. eight

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: bát[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: bát[1][2], bắt[1][3], bớt[1]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]