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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
八-bw.png
Stroke order
八-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

八-oracle.svg 八-bronze.svg 八-bigseal.svg 八-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 八 is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of divide. This character is later borrowed to mean eight because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete.

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 竹人 (HO), four-corner 80000, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical №12
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №16

Usage notes[edit]

Minor strokes in the shape of ハ/八, as in the top of , can be referred to 八. These are very frequently simplified to . Contrast /, and different forms of /.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (ha)

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Chinese *pret, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat (eight) (compare Classical Tibetan brgyad)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (八), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 鎋
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博拔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɛt̚/ /pɯæt̚/ /pəɨt̚/ /pæt̚/ /pæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pɛt › /*pˤret/ eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
89 2 /*preːd/

Numeral[edit]

  1. eight
Usage notes[edit]
  • (Min Nan) peh/poeh is used when referring to amounts, whereas pat is used for years and telephone numbers, bank account numbers etc; pat is literary and is used in expressions.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat (cut apart, cut open). Cognate to .

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (八), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 鎋
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 博拔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɛt̚/ /pɯæt̚/ /pəɨt̚/ /pæt̚/ /pæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pɛt › /*pˤret/ eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
89 2 /*preːd/
Verb[edit]

  1. to divide; to differentiate

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]
Verb[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) to know somebody; to recognize
  2. (Min Nan) to be familiar with

Adverb[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) already, previously
See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal :

(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight, 8

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight
  2. an abbreviation for 八の
  3. an abbreviation for 八兵衛

Etymology 2[edit]

The ablaut form of (yo, four), which it doubles.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. eight
Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pal, bae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: pal, bae, McCune-Reischauer: p'al, pae, Yale: phal, pay)
  • Name (hangeul): 여덟 (revised: yeodeolp, McCune-Reischauer: yŏdŏl, Yale: yetelp)
  1. eight

Numeral[edit]

(pal) (hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) eight

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bát, bắt)

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References[edit]