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Character U+516B, 八
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516B
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A] [U+516C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
八-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 竹人 (HO), four-corner 80000, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #12, ‎(eight).

Usage notes[edit]

Minor strokes in the shape of ハ/八, as in the top of , can be referred to 八. These are very frequently simplified to . Contrast /, and different forms of /.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: ‎(ha)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 274, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 241, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+516B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
八-oracle.svg 八-bronze.svg 八-silk.svg 八-bigseal.svg 八-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 八 is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of "to divide". This character is later borrowed to mean "eight" because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete (now represented by ).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat ‎(eight). Compare Tibetan བརྒྱད ‎(brgyad).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/pɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/pæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ba
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤret/
English eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 89
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*preːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. eight
  2. many, numerous
  3. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.
  4. Short for 八卦 (bāguà).
    1. to gossip (about); to stick one's nose in
    2. (Cantonese) nosey; meddling
      [Cantonese]  ―  baat3 po4 [Jyutping]  ―  nosey parker; meddling woman
  5. A surname​.
See also[edit]
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat ‎(cut apart, cut open). Cognate to (bié).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (75)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠɛt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚæt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pəɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/pɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/pæt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pat̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ba
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pɛt ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤret/
English eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 89
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*preːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to divide; to differentiate

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to know”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight, 8

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight
  2. an abbreviation for 八の
  3. an abbreviation for 八兵衛

Etymology 2[edit]

The ablaut form of ‎(yo, four), which it doubles.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. eight
Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pal, bae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: pal, bae, McCune-Reischauer: p'al, pae, Yale: phal, pay)
  • Name (hangeul): 여덟 (revised: yeodeolp, McCune-Reischauer: yŏdŏl, Yale: yetelp)
  1. eight

Numeral[edit]

‎(pal) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) eight

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bát, bắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]