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U+516B, 八
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516B

[U+516A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516C]
Commons:Category
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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
八-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 竹人 (HO), four-corner 80000, composition丿(GHT) or ⿰丿(JKV))

Stroke order
2 strokes

Usage notes[edit]

Minor strokes in the shape of ハ/八, as in the top of , can be referred to 八. These are very frequently simplified to . Contrast /, and different forms of /.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (ha)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 274, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 241, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+516B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
八-oracle.svg 八-bronze.svg ACC-b00945.svg 八-silk.svg 八-slip.svg 八-seal.svg 八-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːds, *preːd, *pred
*preːd
𩡩 *preːd
*preːd
*preːd
*preːd
*pʰreːd, *prɯn

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 八 is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of "to divide". This character is later borrowed to mean "eight" because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete (now represented by ).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms financial

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat (eight). Compare Tibetan བརྒྱད (brgyad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: bá - a less common tone sandhi variant of 八 when it occurs before a departing-tone character, e.g. 八路.
Note:
  • peh/poeh - vernacular;
  • pat - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ba
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˤret/
    English eight

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 89
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*preːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. eight
    2. many, numerous
    3. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.
    4. Short for 八卦 (bāguà).
      1. to gossip (about); to stick one's nose in
      2. (Cantonese) nosey; meddling
        [Cantonese]  ―  baat3 po4 [Jyutping]  ―  nosey parker; meddling woman
    5. A surname​.
    See also[edit]
    Chinese numbers
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
    Normal
    (小寫小写)
    亿 (Taiwan)
    萬億万亿 (Mainland China)
    Financial
    (大寫大写)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (はち) (hachi)
    • Korean: (, pal)
    • Vietnamese: bát ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat (cut apart, cut open). Cognate to (bié).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (75)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠɛt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚæt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pəɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pæt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pat̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ba
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pɛt ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˤret/
    English eight

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 89
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*preːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to divide; to differentiate

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to know”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese cardinal numbers
     <  7 8 9  > 
        Cardinal :

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (file)

    Numeral[edit]

    (hiragana はち, rōmaji hachi)

    1. eight, 8

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はち, rōmaji hachi)

    1. eight
    2. Short for 八の.
    3. Short for 八兵衛.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    The ablaut form of (yo, four), which it doubles.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ya)

    1. eight
    Related terms[edit]

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pal, bae)

    1. eight

    Numeral[edit]

    (pal) (hangeul )

    1. (cardinal) eight

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bát, bắt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]