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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-516B
Code point U+516B
Entity number 八
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A] [U+516C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
八-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 竹人 (HO), four-corner 80000, composition丿)

Usage notes[edit]

Minor strokes in the shape of ハ/八, as in the top of , can be referred to 八. These are very frequently simplified to . Contrast /, and different forms of /.

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: ‎(ha)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 126, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 274, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 241, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+516B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
八-oracle.svg 八-bronze.svg 八-silk.svg 八-bigseal.svg 八-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 八 is two bent lines indicating the original meaning of "to divide". This character is later borrowed to mean "eight" because of homonymy, making the original meaning obsolete (now represented by ).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-r-gjat ‎(eight). Compare Tibetan བརྒྱད ‎(brgyad).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɛt̚/ /pɯæt̚/ /pəɨt̚/ /pæt̚/ /pæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pɛt › /*pˤret/ eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
89 2 /*preːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. eight
  2. many, numerous
  3. (printing) pearl; The smallest size of usual type, standardized as 5 point.
  4. Abbreviation of 八卦 (bāguà).
    1. to gossip; to stick one's nose in
    2. (Cantonese) nosey; meddling
      [Cantonese]  ―  baat3 po4 [Jyutping]  ―  nosey parker; meddling woman
  5. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]
See also[edit]
Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *brat ‎(cut apart, cut open). Cognate to (bié).

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣɛt̚/ /pat̚/ /pɛt̚/ /pɯæt̚/ /pəɨt̚/ /pæt̚/ /pæt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pɛt › /*pˤret/ eight

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
89 2 /*preːd/
Verb[edit]

  1. to divide; to differentiate

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("to know").
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight, 8

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はち, romaji hachi)

  1. eight
  2. an abbreviation for 八の
  3. an abbreviation for 八兵衛

Etymology 2[edit]

The ablaut form of ‎(yo, four), which it doubles.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. eight
Related terms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pal, bae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: pal, bae, McCune-Reischauer: p'al, pae, Yale: phal, pay)
  • Name (hangeul): 여덟 (revised: yeodeolp, McCune-Reischauer: yŏdŏl, Yale: yetelp)
  1. eight

Numeral[edit]

‎(pal) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) eight

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bát, bắt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]