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U+5146, 兆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5146

[U+5145]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5147]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
兆-oracle.svg 兆-silk.svg 兆-bigseal.svg 兆-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːw, *l̥ʰeːw, *l'eːwʔ
*l̥ʰaːw, *l'aːw, *lew
*l'aːw
*l'aːw
*l'aːw, *l̥ʰeːws
*l'aːw
*l'aːw
*l'aːw, *l'aːwʔ, *l'aːws, *l'ewʔ
𣂁 *sl̥ʰew
*l̥ʰews
*l'ew
*l'ewʔ
*l'ewʔ
*l'ewʔ
*l'ewʔ, *l'eːw
*l'ewʔ
*lew
*lew
*lew, *l̥ʰeːw, *l'eːws
*lew, *l̥ʰeːw
*lew
*lew
*lews
*lews
*l̥ʰeːw, *l'eːw
*l̥ʰeːw
*l̥ʰeːw, *l̥ʰeːwʔ
*l̥ʰeːw
*l̥ʰeːw, *l̥ʰeːws, *l'eːw
*l̥ʰeːw
*l̥ʰeːws
*l̥ʰeːws
*l̥ʰeːws, *poʔ
*l̥ʰeːws
*l̥ʰeːws, *l'eːw
*l'eːwʔ
*l'eːwʔ

Pictogram (象形) – the cracks in a shell during fortune-telling, an omen.

An autological character in oracle script: actual cracks in a shell signifying cracks.

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 中一山人 (LMUO), four-corner 32113, composition丿)

  1. omen
  2. (China, Japan, Korea and Singapore) trillion (million million), tera-, 1012
  3. (China) mega-
  4. (Vietnam) million, mega-

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Chinese Numeral
    Last: 亿, ; Next: .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1347
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 268, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5146

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (92)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiᴇuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚiɛuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiæuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖiawX/
Li
Rong
/ȡjɛuX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭɛuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ɛuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhào
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjewX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lr[a]wʔ/
English great number

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ewʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. omen
  2. (Obsolete in Mainland China) trillion (million million), tera-, 1012
  3. (Taiwan) trillion, tera-, 1012
  4. (China) (SI prefix) million, mega-, 106

Synonyms[edit]

  • 萬億 (number 1012 in Mainland China)
  • (SI prefix tera- 1012 in Mainland China)
  • 百萬 (SI prefix mega- 106 in Taiwan)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. portent
  2. trillion, 1012
  3. sign
  4. omen
  5. symptoms

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Number[edit]

(ちょう, chō)

  1. 1012, (US) trillion, (UK) billion

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(triệu, diệu, điềm, giệu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.