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See also: and
U+947D, 鑽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-947D

[U+947C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+947E]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +19, 27 strokes, cangjie input 金竹山金 (CHUC), four-corner 84186, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1327, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1828, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4276, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+947D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *zaːnʔ
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *zoːn
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *ʔsoːnʔ
*zaːnʔ
*zaːnʔ, *zoːn
*zaːns, *zoːn
*zaːns, *zaːd
*ʔsoːn, *ʔsoːns
*ʔsoːn, *zoːn
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ, *zoːn
*ʔsoːnʔ
*zoːn
*zoːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsoːn, *ʔsoːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsaːns).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • choàn - literary;
  • chǹg/chuìⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡suɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡suɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡swan/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡suɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡suɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡suɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zuān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zuān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tswan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˤor/
    English perforate, penetrate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16527
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsoːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to drill; to bore
    2. to study intensively
    3. to go deep into or go through; to get into; to break through; to pierce
    4. to secure personal gain

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡suɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʷɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡suɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡swanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡suɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡suɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡suɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zuàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16535
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsoːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. drill; auger (tool)
    2. diamond

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to start a fire (by friction)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    An extended shinjitai character, (U+945A) is available for this character.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chan) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (toản, xoảng, xoàn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.