Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+8D0A, 贊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D0A

[U+8D09]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D0B]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 154, +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 竹山月山金 (HUBUC), four-corner 24806, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1212, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36935
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1678, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3657, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+8D0A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
2nd round simp. 𰷣
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Originally . Ideogrammic compound (會意): + (money) – to help with money.

Now phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːns): phonetic (OC *srin) + semantic (money).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡san⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡san⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡san⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sã²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡san³¹²/
/t͡suan³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sã⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sã²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡san¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡san²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡san³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡san¹³/
Guiyang /t͡san²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡saŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡se̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sɔ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡san⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡san⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡san⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡san⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡san³³/
Nanning /t͡san³³/
Hong Kong /t͡san³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡san²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡suiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡saŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sanH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zaan3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˁarʔ-s/
English assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16514
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to help; to support
      ―  zàn  ―  to assist
  2. to agree
      ―  zàntóng  ―  to agree
  3. (literature) a form and style of writing that summarizes and concludes a narrative, biography, or portrait, etc.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to praise; to commend; to eulogize; to like; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai form of (help, assist, support)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (chan))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: tán

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.