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See also:
U+5247, 則
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5247

[U+5246]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5248]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月金中弓 (BCLN), four-corner 62800, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 340, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5247

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𠞋
𠟔
𠟻
𠟭

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Shizhoupian script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
則-bronze.svg 則-bronze-spring.svg 則-bronze-warring.svg 則-silk.svg 則-slip.svg 則-zhou.svg 則-ancient.svg 則-seal.svg 則-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (ding, a bronze cauldron for cooking or sacrificial rituals) + (knife). 鼎 was simplified as 貝 in the Small seal script. Cf. (OC *teŋ, “to divine; righteous; firm”), which underwent similar development.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
/t͡sɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
/t͡sei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
/t͡se⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sə³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡se²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚⁵/
/t͡sɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sək̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sək̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ze
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsok › ‹ tsok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁək/ /*[ts]ˁək/
English then rule, pattern

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16595
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rule; law; regulation
  2. standard; example
  3. to follow an example
  4. Classifier for news, writings, stories, or narratives: item
    寓言 / 寓言  ―  yùyán  ―  a fable
  5. conjunction used to indicate sequence of events; and
  6. conjunction used to indicate cause and effect; so; thus
  7. conjunction used to indicate contrast; but; on the other hand
  8. conjunction used between two identical or near-identical words to indicate concession; it is ... but it ...
  9. particle used as the copula
  10. particle used after numerals to list reasons

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan)”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sək̚, “rule”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(そく) (-soku

  1. counter for rules

Noun[edit]

(そく) (soku

  1. rule
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
のり
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のり) (nori

  1. law

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a corrupted or unorthodox reading. The original reading is (jeuk) based on Middle Chinese (MC t͡sək̚).

Historical Readings
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 법즉 Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: cuk) in Gwangju Cheonjamun (光州千字文 / 광주천자문), 1575.
Early Modern Korean
Text Final (韻) Reading
Samun Seonghwi, 1751 Recorded as Early Modern Korean  (Yale: cuk) in Juhae Cheonjamun (註解千字文 / 주해천자문), 1804.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 법칙 (beopchik chik))

  1. Hanja form? of (rule; law; regulation).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sək̚).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean 즉〮 (Yale: cúk) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
Early Modern Korean
Text Final (韻) Reading
Samun Seonghwi, 1751 Recorded as Early Modern Korean  (Yale: cuk) in Juhae Cheonjamun (註解千字文 / 주해천자문), 1804.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (got jeuk))

  1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of ((grammar) particle in literary Chinese texts).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: tắc[1][2][3][4][5], trắc[1]
: Nôm readings: tắc[1][2][3][4][6], tấc[1][2], trắc[1]

  1. Hán tự form of tắc (law; regulation).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]