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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 月金中弓 (BCLN), four-corner 62800, composition)

  1. rule, law, regulation
  2. grades

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 139, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 340, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5247

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
則-bronze.svg 則-silk.svg 則-bigseal.svg 則-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(shellfish) +  ‎(knife) – a shellfish and knife.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
/t͡sɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
/t͡sei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
/t͡se⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sə³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡se²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡set̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡set̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sɐk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚⁵/
/t͡sɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sək̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sək̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ze
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsok › ‹ tsok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤək/ /*[ts]ˤək/
English then rule, pattern

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16595
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
そく
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsok, rule).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana そく, romaji -soku)

  1. counter for rules

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そく, romaji soku)

  1. rule

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
のり
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のり, romaji nori)

  1. law

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chik, cheuk) (hangeul , , revised chik, cheuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'ik, ch'ŭk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.