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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手竹女中 (QHVL), four-corner 57020, composition)

  1. press down, repress
  2. curb, hinder

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 421, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11883
  • Dae Jaweon: page 768, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1841, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6291

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (134)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨk̚/ /ʔɨk̚/ /ʔiek̚/ /ʔik̚/ /ʔiək̚/ /ĭək̚/ /ʔi̯ək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔik › /*[ʔ](r)ik/ and, but, or
‹ ʔik › /*[ʔ]ik/ rub, repress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15013 0 /*qɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

‎(hiragana そもそも, romaji somosomo)

  1. in the first place, to begin with, at all (in a question)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eok) (hangeul , revised eok, McCune-Reischauer ŏk, Yale ek)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ức, ực)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.