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U+6291, 抑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6291

[U+6290]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6292]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手竹女中 (QHVL), four-corner 57020, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 421, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11883
  • Dae Jaweon: page 768, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1841, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6291

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
抑-oracle.svg 抑-bronze.svg 抑-seal.svg 抑-bigseal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iak/ek - literary;
  • iah/ah/ia̍h/a̍h/á - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔik › ‹ ʔik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ʔ](r)ik/ /*[ʔ]ik/
    English and, but, or rub, repress

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15013
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to press down; to keep down
    2. to repress; to suppress; to restrain; to restrict
    3. to hinder; to hamper; to obstruct
    4. to lower (one's head); to look down
    5. deep; low-pitched
    6. sulky; depressed
    7. (Min Dong) muggy; sultry; humid
    8. or (linking alternatives)
    9. furthermore; moreover; also
    10. however; but
    11. then; and
    12. Meaningless sentence-initial particle.
    13. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Conjunction[edit]

    (hiragana そもそも, rōmaji somosomo)

    1. in the first place, to begin with, at all (in a question)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eok) (hangeul , revised eok, McCune–Reischauer ŏk, Yale ek)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ức, ực)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.