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U+53CD, 反
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53CD

[U+53CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CE]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹水 (HE), four-corner 71247 or 72247, composition(G) or ⿸(TJK))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 165, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3127
  • Dae Jaweon: page 375, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 391, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53CD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
反-oracle.svg 反-bronze.svg 反-silk.svg 反-seal.svg

Etymology[edit]

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *par (to trade; to buy; to sell), from which Tibetan ཕར (phar, interest (on money); exchange) is derived.

Cognate with (OC *pans, “to trade”), which is an exoactive of (OC *panʔ, *pʰan, “to return, lit. to make someone return”) (Schuessler, 2007).

(OC *pʰan, “a turn; a time”) is the iterative of (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • bēng - vernacular;
  • huāng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • péng/púiⁿ/pán/páiⁿ - vernacular;
    • hoán - literary.
    Note:
    • boin2 - vernacular;
    • huang2 - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʉɐnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷiɐnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuɐnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fǎn fǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bænX › ‹ pjonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]ˁranʔ/ /*Cə.panʔ/
    English dignified, grand reverse (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2968
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*panʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. reverse; opposite; contrary; anti-
      法西斯  ―  fǎnfǎxīsī  ―  antifascist
    2. to repeat
    3. to revenge
    4. to revolt
    5. to reflect (on one's actions)
    6. to infer, analogize
    7. to oppose
    8. instead
    9. (chemistry) trans-
      異構 / 异构  ―  shùn-fǎn yìgòu  ―  cis-trans isomerism
      -2-丁烯  ―  fǎn-èr-dīngxī  ―  trans-2-butene
      Antonym: (shùn)
    10. Alternative form of (fǎn, “to return; to move back”).
    11. Alternative form of (fǎn, “to return; to give back”).
    12. A surname​.

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2974
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to redress
    2. to pour
    3. (phonetics) Short for 反切 (fǎnqiè, “fanqie”).
    4. to flip over

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in 反反.
    2. Alternative form of (fàn).

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (はん) (han)
    • Korean: (, ban)
    • Vietnamese: phản ()

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. anti-

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ban, beon) (hangeul , )

    1. anti-

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: phản, phiên

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.