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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
你-bw.png
Stroke order
你-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火 (ONF), four-corner 27290 or 27292, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 100, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 471
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4F60

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


𤙌

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nɯʔ):  + 

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na-ŋ ‎(you).

Pronunciation[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2769 0 /*nɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (informal) you (the person spoken to or written to)
      ―  hǎo  ―  hello
    今天 / 今天  ―  jīntiān hǎo ma?  ―  How are you today?
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Wǒ xǐhuān .  ―  I like you.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (nín, “you (polite)”)
  • (, “you (female)”)
Dialectal synonyms of ("you (singular)")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 你家
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ni) (hangeul , revised ni, McCune-Reischauer ni)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nể, , nẻ, nệ, nễ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]