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U+4F60, 你
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F60

[U+4F5F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F61]
你 U+2F804, 你
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F804
𠄢
[U+2F803]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 侮
[U+2F805]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes
Stroke order
你-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火 (ONF), four-corner 27290 or 27292, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 100, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 471
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4F60

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
 



𤙌
Min Nan
Hakka

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rneːlʔ
*mnel
*njelʔ
*njelʔ
*njelʔ
*nɯʔ
*neːb, *njed, *neːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nɯʔ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *njelʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na-ŋ (you).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lí/lír/lú - vernacular (common substitute for );
  • ní - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2769
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nɯʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (informal) you (the person spoken to or written to)
        ―  hǎo  ―  hello
      今天 / 今天  ―  jīntiān hǎo ma?  ―  How are you today?
      喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Wǒ xǐhuān .  ―  I like you.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (nín, “you (polite)”)
    • (, “you (female)”)
    Dialectal synonyms of (“you (singular)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 你家
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Ningbo 爾儂像儂像爾
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Standard Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. you

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    This character is not used in modern Japanese. It may appear as a 略字 (ryakuji, abbreviated character) for , itself only used in historical texts and not used in modern Japanese.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ni) (hangeul , revised ni, McCune–Reischauer ni)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nể, , nẻ, nệ, nễ, nhĩ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]