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U+4F60, 你
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F60

[U+4F5F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F61]
你 U+2F804, 你
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F804
𠄢
[U+2F803]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 侮
[U+2F805]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes
Stroke order
你-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人弓火 (ONF), four-corner 27290 or 27292, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 100, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 471
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4F60

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
 



𤙌
Min Nan
Hakka

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rneːlʔ
*mnel
*njelʔ
*njelʔ
*njelʔ
*nɯʔ
*neːb, *njed, *neːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nɯʔ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *njelʔ).

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *na-ŋ (you).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lí/lír/lú - vernacular (common substitute for );
  • ní - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2769
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nɯʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (informal) you (the person spoken to or written to)
        ―  hǎo  ―  hello
      今天 / 今天  ―  jīntiān hǎo ma?  ―  How are you today?
      喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Wǒ xǐhuān .  ―  I like you.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“you (singular)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing honorific
    Taiwan honorific
    Harbin honorific
    Shenyang
    Hailar
    Ulan Hot
    Tongliao
    Chifeng honorific
    Bayanhot honorific
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Zhengzhou
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 你家 honorific
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou
    Kunming
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong
    Malaysia
    Singapore
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi 爾仂
    Shexian
    Tunxi 爾仂
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou 你吶 honorific
    Baochang honorific
    Jining honorific
    Hohhot honorific
    Baotou honorific
    Dongsheng honorific
    Linhe honorific
    Haibowan honorific
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Zhenqian
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan
    Shibei
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Pingtan
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wuxi
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Tangxi 爾儂
    Ningbo 爾儂
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Xiangtan
    Loudi

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Standard Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. you

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    This character is not used in modern Japanese. It may appear as a 略字 (ryakuji, abbreviated character) for , itself only used in historical texts and not used in modern Japanese.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ni) (hangeul , revised ni, McCune–Reischauer ni)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nể, , nẻ, nệ, nễ, nhĩ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]