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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口尸手火 (RSQF), four-corner 61027, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 202, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4065
  • Dae Jaweon: page 425, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 664, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+55CE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Particle[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) final interrogative particle on a yes/no question
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān ma?  ―  Do you like it?

Usage notes[edit]

The particule allow to turn an affirmative sentence into a interrogative sentence without modifying the sentence order.

喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān.  ―  He likes it.
喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān ma?  ―  Does he like it?

See also[edit]

  • (Wu) 𠲎 (féi)
  • Question particle: (ne) (reciprocal questions).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. used for phonetic in 嗎啡吗啡 (mǎfēi, “morphine”), 嗎哪吗哪 (mǎnǎ, “manna”)

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ma) (hangeul , revised ma, McCune-Reischauer ma)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạ, mửa, ma, mớ, mắng, mỉa, mứa, mựa)

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