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See also:
U+55CE, 嗎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55CE

[U+55CD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55CF]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 30, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口尸手火 (RSQF), four-corner 61027, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 202, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4065
  • Dae Jaweon: page 425, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 664, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+55CE

Usage notes

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This character is listed in the Kangxi dictionary (字彙) as an unorthodox form (俗字) of .

Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声) : semantic (mouth) + phonetic (OC *mraːʔ).

Etymology 1

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

From (OC *ma, “not”) (Schuessler, 2007).

For Philippine Hokkien (--ba), it is borrowed from Tagalog ba (interrogative particle).

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. Final interrogative particle, forming yes/no questions.
    喜歡喜欢  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān ma?  ―  Do you like it?
    [Cantonese]  ―  nei5 hou2 maa3? [Jyutping]  ―  How are you?

Usage notes

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The particle allows one to turn an affirmative sentence into an interrogative without modifying word order.

喜歡喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān.  ―  He likes it.
喜歡喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān ma?  ―  Does he like it?

See also

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  • (Wu) 𠲎
  • Question particle: (ne) (reciprocal questions).

Etymology 2

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trad.
simp.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. Used as a phonetic character.
      ―  fēi  ―  morphine
      ―    ―  manna
Compounds
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Etymology 3

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trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (Mandarin, colloquial) what
Synonyms
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Etymology 4

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to chide; to blame; to curse; to swear; etc.”).
(This character is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of ).

Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(ma) (hangeul )

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: mửa, ma, mớ, mạ, mắng, mỉa, mứa, mựa

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.