chide

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English chiden (to chide, rebuke, disapprove, criticize; complain, grumble, dispute; argue, debate, dispute, quarrel), from Old English ċīdan (to chide, reprove, rebuke; blame, contend, strive, quarrel, complain). Cognate with German kiden (to sound); Old High German kīdal (wedge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

chide (third-person singular simple present chides, present participle chiding, simple past chid or chided or chode, past participle chid or chided or chidden)

  1. (transitive) To admonish in blame; to reproach angrily.
    • c. 1594 William Shakespeare, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act II, Scene 1,[1]
      Valentine. Well, you’ll still be too forward.
      Speed. And yet I was last chidden for being too slow.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, As You Like It, Act IV, Scene 3,[2]
      Whiles you chid me, I did love;
      How then might your prayers move!
    • 1920, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Thuvia, Maiden of Mars[3], HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2008:
      Then she had not chidden him for the use of that familiar salutation, nor did she chide him now, though she was promised to another.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To utter words of disapprobation and displeasure; to find fault; to contend angrily.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Genesis 31:36,[4]
      And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me?
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To make a clamorous noise; to chafe.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 1, Act III, Scene 1,[5]
      Where is he living, clipp’d in with the sea
      That chides the banks of England, Scotland, Wales,
      Which calls me pupil, or hath read to me?
    • c. 1612, William Shakespeare and John Fletcher, Henry VIII, Act III, Scene 2,[6]
      [] though perils did
      Abound, as thick as thought could make ’em, and
      Appear in forms more horrid,—yet my duty,
      As doth a rock against the chiding flood,
      Should the approach of this wild river break,
      And stand unshaken yours.

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