chide

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English chiden (to chide, rebuke, disapprove, criticize; complain, grumble, dispute; argue, debate, dispute, quarrel), from Old English ċīdan (to chide, reprove, rebuke; blame, contend, strive, quarrel, complain). Cognate with German kiden (to sound); Old High German kīdal (wedge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

chide (third-person singular simple present chides, present participle chiding, simple past chid, chided, or chode, past participle chid, chided, or chidden)

  1. (transitive) To admonish in blame; to reproach angrily.
    • 1591 And yet I was last chidden for being too slow. — Shakespeare, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, Act 2, Scene 1.
      1598 If the scorn of your bright eyne / Have power to raise such love in mine, / Alack, in me what strange effect / Would they work in mild aspect? / Whiles you chid me, I did love — Shakespeare, As You Like It, Act 4, Scene 2.
      1920, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Thuvia, Maiden of Mars[1], edition HTML, The Gutenberg Project, published 2008:
      Then she had not chidden him for the use of that familiar salutation, nor did she chide him now, though she was promised to another.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To utter words of disapprobation and displeasure; to find fault; to contend angrily.
    • 1611 And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me? — Genesis 31:36 KJV.
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To make a clamorous noise; to chafe.
    • Shakespeare
      As doth a rock against the chiding flood.
    • Shakespeare
      the sea that chides the banks of England

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