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U+751A, 甚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-751A

[U+7519]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+751B]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 99 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一女 (TMMV), four-corner 44711, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 754, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 25, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+751A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
甚-bronze.svg 甚-bigseal.svg 甚-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Shuowen:  + .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • shén, shé - colloquial pronunciations of “what” (used in 甚麼);
  • shèn - obsolete literary pronunciation of “what”, and used for other senses.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂən⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂən⁵³/
/sən⁵³/
Jinan /ʂẽ²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂən³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /sən³⁵/
Chengdu /sən¹³/
Guiyang /sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən³¹/
Hangzhou /zen¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /səm⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃem³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm²²/
Nanning /sɐm²²/
Hong Kong /sɐm²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim⁵³/
/sim²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tim³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (139) (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪmX/ /d͡ʑiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑimX/ /d͡ʑimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjemX/ /d͡ʑjemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑimX/ /d͡ʑimH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəmX/ /ʑiəmH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕmX/ /ʑĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əmX/ /ʑi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèn shèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèn shèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyimX › ‹ dzyimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t.ɢ][ə]mʔ/ /*[t.ɢ][ə]mʔ-s/
English excessive, very excessive

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11296 11297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡljumʔ/ /*ɡljums/

Definitions[edit]

  1. serious; extreme
  2. extremely; considerably
  3. to exceed
  4. what

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thậm, rậm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.