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U+582A, 堪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-582A

[U+5829]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+582B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土廿一女 (GTMV), four-corner 44111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 233, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5266
  • Dae Jaweon: page 471, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 460, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+582A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
堪-silk.svg 堪-seal.svg 堪-bigseal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəm/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀm/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kān
Middle
Chinese
‹ khom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˁ[ə]m/
English able to bear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11271
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. may; to be capable of
  2. to bear; to stand; to resist

Compounds[edit]



Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰʌm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(かん) (kan

  1. to bear; to endure
  2. capable

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul )

  1. adequately capable of
  2. worthy of

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kham, khom, khăm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.