Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+582A, 堪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-582A

[U+5829]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+582B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土廿一女 (GTMV), four-corner 44111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 233, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5266
  • Dae Jaweon: page 471, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 460, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+582A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
堪-silk.svg 堪-bigseal.svg 堪-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəm/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀm/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kān
Middle
Chinese
‹ khom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤ[ə]m/
English able to bear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11271
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. may; to be capable of
  2. to bear; to stand; to resist

Compounds[edit]



Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. withstand
  2. endure
  3. support
  4. resist

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam)

  1. adequately capable of
  2. worthy of

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kham, khom, khăm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.