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See also:
U+78AA, 碪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78AA

[U+78A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78AB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112, +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 一口廿一女 (MRTMV), four-corner 14611, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 833, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24339
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1250, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2441, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+78AA

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔl'um): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums).

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“base for beating or chopping; base in general”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cliff, ledge, bank; step”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. used in 碪𥔲 and 碪斧

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): ちん (chin)
  • Kun: きぬた (kinuta)