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See also:
U+7827, 砧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7827

[U+7826]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7828]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 一口卜口 (MRYR), four-corner 11660, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 828, character 43
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24099
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1243, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2423, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7827

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːm
*ɦlaːm, *hljems, *hl'eːms
*ɦlaːm
*rteːm, *rdeːms, *teːm, *tʰjeb
*rteːms
*sreːm
*nem
*nem
*slem, *ʔl'ɯm
*tem
*tem, *teːms, *tʰeːm
*tems, *tʰem
*tʰem, *ɡrem, *tʰeːb
*ʔljem, *tjems
*tjemʔ
*tjems, *teːm
*hljem, *hljems
*hljem, *teːms
*njem
*lem
*teːm
*tiːm
*teːmʔ
*teːmʔ, *teːms
*tiːms
*tiːms, *tim
*tʰeːm
*deːmʔ
*neːm
*neːm
*ʔl'ɯm
*teːb
*teːb, *tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb
*tʰeːb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔl'ɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔljem, *tjems).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈjim/
Li
Rong
/ȶjəm/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16734
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'ɯm/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. base for beating or chopping
    1. stone base for beating clothes
    2. anvil
    3. base for cutting or lethal sentence
  2. base in general

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: châm

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999