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See also:
U+5E97, 店
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E97

[U+5E96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E98]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 53, 广+5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈卜口 (IYR), four-corner 00261, composition广)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 344, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9267
  • Dae Jaweon: page 654, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 876, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5E97

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tiːms): semantic 广 (lean-to) + phonetic  (OC *ʔljem, *tjems)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • tiàm - literary;
    • tàiⁿ/tùiⁿ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tian⁵¹/
    Harbin /tian⁵³/
    Tianjin /tian⁵³/
    Jinan /tiã²¹/
    Qingdao /tiã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tian³¹²/
    Xi'an /tiã⁴⁴/
    Xining /tiã²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tian¹³/
    Lanzhou /tiɛ̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /tian²¹³/
    Wuhan /tiɛn³⁵/
    Chengdu /tian¹³/
    Guiyang /tian²¹³/
    Kunming /tiɛ̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /tien⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tiĩ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tie⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /tie⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
    Suzhou /tiɪ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /tiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /ti⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /te³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tiɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tiẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tiẽ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tiɛn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /tiam⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tiɑm⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tim³³/
    Nanning /tim³³/
    Hong Kong /tim³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiam²¹/
    /tãi²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taiŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tiam²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiam³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (157)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /temH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /temH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛmH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛmH/
    Li
    Rong
    /temH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tiemH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tiemH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    diàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    diàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ temH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁem-s/
    English shop [not in GSR]

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16723
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tiːms/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. shop; store (Classifier: m)
    2. inn (Classifier: m)
      •   ―  diàn  ―  small hotel, inn
      •   ―  diàn  ―  small hotel, inn

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Thai: เตี๊ยม (dtíiam)
    • Sogdian: tym

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Short for ealier ()(だな) (misedana), from ()せる (miseru, to show) + (たな) (tana, shelf).

    Noun[edit]

    (みせ) (mise

    1. a commercial building; a store; a shop
    Pronunciation[edit]
    See also[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC temH).

    Suffix[edit]

    (てん) (-ten

    1. store, branch (of a store company)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 가게 (gage jeom))

    1. Hanja form? of (store).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (điếm, đám, điệm, tiệm, đêm, xóm)

    1. shop, store

    Compounds[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for shop is tiệm.

    References[edit]