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See also:
U+5360, 占
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5360

[U+535F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5361]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
占-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 25, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜口 (YR), four-corner 21600, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

  • left:

, , , , , , , , 𡖡, 𢧗, 𤿝

  • right:

, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 𠕟, 𠸞, 𡖞, 𡖵, 𢓕, 𣩚, 𤘇, 𤝓, 𥿕, 𦕒, 𧮪, 𧲸, 𨱬, 𪉜, 𪎋, 𪕐, 𪖚

  • above:

, , , 𠛤, 𠧳, 𠧹

  • below:

, , 䵿, 𦒻, 𦒾, 𩬑

  • outside:

, , , 𠧚, 𠧧, 𠧪, 𠧸

  • inside:

, , , , , , , , , 𡱇

  • other:

, , , , , 𠖣, 𠚝, 𠧱, 𠧴, 𠧵, 𠧷, 𠧺, 𠧾, 𠵑, 𠶧, 𡅴, 𡅾, 𡌐, 𡌽, 𡙏, 𢒦, 𢜋, 𢨟, 𢮸, 𢰷, 𣈔, 𣈘, 𣎀, 𣗴, 𣷀, 𣸾, 𣿤, 𤉽, 𤋒, 𤋧, 𤑰, 𤭥, 𥇞, 𥭔, 𥮒, 𥮠, 𥯎, 𥱱, 𥷠, 𥺦, 𦁦, 𦝿, 𦷙, 𧆗, 𧍈, 𧨼, 𨃊, 𩃅, 𩄷, 𩌓, 𩲦, 𩳨, 𪐇

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 157, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2780
  • Dae Jaweon: page 361, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 92, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5360

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
占-oracle.svg 占-silk.svg 占-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (divination) + (mouth).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ziang1 - Chenghai.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciam/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zim1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyem ›
Old
Chinese
/*tem/
English prognosticate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16706
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔljem/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to divine; to foretell
  2. (obsolete) to watch or to peep
  3. Variant pronunciation of sense "to recount orally" below
  4. (Hokkien, Singapore Teochew) cent
  5. a surname
Synonyms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ziang3 - Chenghai.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciamH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɛmH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zim3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjems/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to recount orally

Usage notes[edit]

Sources vary in the pronunciation of sense "to recount orally". Zhengzitong recorded a level tone, yet Zihui recorded a departing tone.

The standard Mandarin pronunciation is zhàn in China Mainland and Taiwan.

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from English jam.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese) jam (type of fruit preserve)

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to occupy; to possess; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
うら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(うら) (ura

  1. (archaic) fortune-telling

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇmH).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 차지할 (chajihal jeom))

  1. Hanja form? of (to hold; to occupy).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇm).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 점칠 (jeomchil jeom))

  1. Hanja form? of (to augur; to divine).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: Chiêm, chăm, chàm, chễm, chím, chiếm, giếm, chầm, chằm, chem, coi, xem

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.