しめる

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kana spelling of various terms.

Verb[edit]

しめる (shimerutransitive ichidan (stem しめ (shime), past しめた (shimeta))

  1. 絞める: to constrict
  2. 占める: to make up, to be a part of
  3. 締める, 〆る, 緊める: to fasten
  4. 閉める: to close

しめる (shimeruintransitive godan (stem しめり (shimeri), past しめった (shimetta))

  1. 湿る: to be wet

Etymology 2[edit]

Modern form of classical しむ (shimu).

Suffix[edit]

しめる (-shimeruichidan (stem しめ (-shime), past しめた (-shimeta))

  1. (archaic) Used to make the causative form of verbs: to make; to let
    ()しめる
    iwashimeru
    to make [someone] say
    (ちゅう)(しん)()たらしめる
    chūshinchi-tarashimeru
    to make a place a centre
Usage notes[edit]

This word is morphologically an inflectional suffix. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi, auxiliary verb) in traditional Japanese grammar.

See also[edit]