たり

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the classical tari below.

Particle[edit]

たり (rōmaji tari)

  1. Shows examples of actions or states.
    テレビを ()たり、パソコンをしたりしている。
    Terebi o mitari, pasokon o shitari shite iru.
    I'm (doing things like) watching TV and playing on the computer.
Usage notes[edit]

Attaches to the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verbs, adjectives, and nominals, in the same way as the past/perfective ending (ta). (The result is segmentally identical to the past/perfective form + ri.)

Etymology 2[edit]

/-te ari//-tari/

Contraction of (te), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of the classical perfective (tsu), and あり (ari, to be; to exist).

Suffix[edit]

たり (r-irregular conjugation, rōmaji -tari)

  1. (Classical Japanese, jodōshi) Used to form the stative of verbs.
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • (-ta, past or perfective)
  • たら (-tara, conditional)
  • たり (-tari) (above)

Etymology 3[edit]

/-to ari//-tari/

Contraction of the case particle (to) and the verb あり (ari, to be; to exist).

Verb[edit]

たり (rōmaji tari)

  1. (Classical Japanese or archaic) to be
    処女 (しょじょ)たる女神 (めがみ)
    shojo taru megami
    virgin goddess
Conjugation[edit]

In modern Japanese, the continuative (to) or として (to shite) and the adnominal たる (taru) are used with the so-called -tari adjectives.