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U+4ED9, 仙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED9

[U+4ED8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EDA]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
仙-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人山 (OU), four-corner 22270, composition)

  1. ascend, ascended, ascending, transcend, transcended, transcending, transcendent, transcendence
  2. a sage, an enlightened person
  3. a Taoist hermit or super-being
  4. a Buddhist deva, a immortal spirit or a fairy

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 196, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 114, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ED9

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːn
*sreːn, *sraːns
*sreːn
*sreːnʔ, *sraːns
*sraːn, *sraːns
*sen
*sen
*sen
*srin

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + (mountain) — a person moving into a mountain to practise becoming immortal.

Originally . The current form is first attested in the clerical script of the Han dynasty.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /siã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sian²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
Xining /ɕiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sien³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /se³¹/
Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sian/
Li
Rong
/siɛn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]a[r]/
English immortal (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11060
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sen/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Taoism) xian (an immortal; celestial being)
  2. fairy; celestial being
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Min Nan

Borrowing from English cent.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (money, Cantonese, Min Nan) cent
    硬幣 / 硬币 [Cantonese]  ―  ng5 sin1 ngaang6 bai6 [Jyutping]  ―  five-cent coin
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (sjen, literally immortal). Compare modern Mandarin reading xiān and Cantonese reading sin1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. a sage or hermit, an enlightened person, usually immortal and ageless
  2. (mythology) short for 仙人(sennin): a wizard or mage; an immortal living as a hermit in the mountains
  3. by extension, the region or area where a sennin lives
  4. the supernatural techniques for becoming immortal and ageless
  5. a person of exceptional talent

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
せんと
Grade: S
Irregular

Borrowing from English cent.[1][2] The kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(katakana セント, hiragana せんと, romaji sento)

  1. one hundredth of a dollar: a cent
Usage notes[edit]

This word is almost always spelled in katakana as セント.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiên)

Noun[edit]

  1. fairy