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U+542C, 听
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-542C

[U+542B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+542D]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口竹一中 (RHML), four-corner 62021, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 178, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3352
  • Dae Jaweon: page 396, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 591, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+542C

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡɯ, *kɯl, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl, *ŋɡɯːn, *ŋɡɯn
*ɡɯl, *ɡɯːls
*ɡɯl
*ɡɯl
*ŋɡɯl
*qʰan
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋkɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯn
*ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ
*ŋrɯns, *qɯns
*kɯn, *kɯns
*kɯnʔ
*kɯns
*kɯns
*kɯns, *keŋs
*kʰɯnʔ
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯnʔ, *ɡɯns
*ŋɡɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯn, *qʰɯns
*qʰɯn
*qʰɯns, *mpreːɡs
*qʰɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡrɯnʔ, *ŋɡɯnʔ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kɯn, *kɯns).

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to listen”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (43) (57)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋiɪnX/ /ŋɨnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋinX/ /ŋɨnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋjenX/ /ŋiənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋinX/ /ŋɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiĕnX/ /ŋiənX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭĕnX/ /ŋĭənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ĕnX/ /ŋi̯ənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn yǐn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6647 6664
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡrɯnʔ/ /*ŋɡɯnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. laughing
  2. having a big mouth

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. laughter (from 笑う)
  2. pound sterling, pound

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
わらう
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Derivation of the verb 笑う (warau, to laugh; to smile).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana わらう, rōmaji warau)

  1. to laugh; to smile

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぽんど
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

From English pound. This kanji is an ateji. See .

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(katakana ポンド, rōmaji pondo)

  1. pound (lb)
  2. pound sterling (£)