gin

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See also: Gin, GIN, giń, ĝin, gīn, and -gin

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of geneva, alteration of Dutch genever (juniper) from Old French genevre (modern French genièvre), from Vulgar Latin *ieniperus, from Latin iūniperus (juniper). Hence gin rummy (first attested 1941).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

gin (countable and uncountable, plural gins)

  1. A colourless non-aged alcoholic liquor made by distilling fermented grains such as barley, corn, oats or rye with juniper berries; the base for many cocktails.
  2. (uncountable) Gin rummy.
  3. (poker) Drawing the best card or combination of cards.
    Johnny Chan held jack-nine, and hit gin when a queen-ten-eight board was dealt out.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Partly from Middle English gin, ginne (cleverness, scheme, talent, device, machine), from Old French gin, an aphetism of Old French engin (engine); and partly from Middle English grin, grine (snare, trick, stratagem, deceit, temptation, noose, halter, instrument), from Old English grin, gryn, giren, geren (snare, gin, noose).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin (plural gins)

Setting and triggering a "gin" or foothold trap, demonstrated at the Black Country Living Museum
  1. (obsolete) A trick; a device or instrument.
  2. (obsolete) A scheme; contrivance; artifice; a figurative trap or snare.
  3. A snare or trap for game.
  4. A machine for raising or moving heavy objects, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.
  5. (mining) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.
  6. A pile driver.
  7. A windpump.
  8. A cotton gin.
  9. An instrument of torture worked with screws.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past and past participle ginned)

  1. (transitive) To remove the seeds from cotton with a cotton gin.
  2. (transitive) To trap something in a gin.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Italian: ginnare
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Middle English ginnen (to begin), contraction of beginnen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past gan, past participle gun)

  1. (archaic) To begin.

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Dharug dyin (woman), but having acquired a derogatory tone.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin (plural gins)

  1. (Australia, now considered offensive) An Aboriginal woman.
    • 1869, Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, Volume 1, page 273,
      His next shot was discharged amongst the mob, and most unfortunately wounded the gin already mentioned ; who, with a child fastened to her back, slid down the bank, and lay, apparently dying, with her legs in the water.
    • 1894, Ivan Dexter, Talmud: A Strange Narrative of Central Australia, published in serial form in Port Adelaide News and Lefevre's Peninsula Advertiser (SA), Chapter XXI, [1]
      From my position I could see the gins pointing back, and as the men turned they looked for a moment and then made a wild rush for the entrance.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter XXI, p. 353, [2]
      How they must have laughed about the strutting of her whose mother was a wanton and aunt a gin!
    • 1988, Tom Cole, Hell West and Crooked, Angus & Robertson, 1995, p.179,
      Dad said Shoesmith and Thompson had made one error that cost them their lives by letting the gins into the camp, and the blacks speared them all.
    • 2008, Bill Marsh, Jack Goldsmith, Goldie: Adventures in a Vanishing Australia, unnumbered page,
      But there was this gin there, see, what they called a kitchen girl.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Aboriginal Words, Oxford University Press, 1990, →ISBN, page 167.

Etymology 5[edit]

Cognate to Scots gin (if): perhaps from gi(v)en,[1] or a compound in which the first element is from Old English ġif (English if) and the second is cognate to English an (if) (compare iffen),[1] or perhaps from again.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. (chiefly Scotland, Northern England, Southern US, Appalachia) If.
    • 1605, Richard Verstegan, Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, in Antiquities: Concerning the Most Noble, and Renowned English Nation:
      [] for pronouncing according as one would ſay at London I would eat more cheeſe if I had it, the Northern man ſaith, Ay ſuld eat mare cheeſe gin ay hadet, and the Weſterne man ſaith Chud eat more cheeſe an chad it.
    • 1804, Robert Couper, Poetry, I. 196:
      Gin the plough rests on the bank, / The loom, the nation, dies.
    • 1809, Thomas Donaldson, Poems, 76:
      An' gin I'm weel and can keep sober / You may look for it in October.
    • 1815, Robert Anderson, Ballads in the Cumberland dialect, page 152:
      He's get han' and siller, / Gin he fancies me.
    • 1860, J. P. K. Shuttleworth, Scarsdale; Or, Life on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Border, Thirty Years Ago, page 158:
      yon felley at Barleigh has wrote farrantly (fairly) to my naunt; gin Robin could bur see ť letter he'd foind no fawt wi' me.
    • 1870, John Christopher Atkinson, Lost; or, What came of a slip from 'honour bright'., page 19:
      Wheeah, Ah thinks thee could, gin ye tried.
    • 1876, Mrs. George Linnaeus Banks, The Manchester Man, page 15:
      "Aw'd never ha slept i' mi bed gin that little un had bin dreawnded, an' me lookin' on loike a stump. Neay; that lass wur Bess, moi wench. We'n no notion wheer th' lad's mother is." Mr. Clough would have pressed the money upon him, but he put it back with a motion of his han.
    • 1880, Banks, Wooers, I. iv:
      [] gin schoo sets off in a tantrum an' flaah's t'mistress wiv her blutherin []
References[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 gin”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdʒɪn]
  • Hyphenation: gin
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Noun[edit]

gin m inan

  1. gin (alcoholic beverage)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • gin in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gin in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin m (plural gins)

  1. gin

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin f (genitive singular gine, nominative plural ginte)

  1. begetting, birth
  2. fetus
  3. offspring, child, person
  4. generating source

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (present analytic gineann, future analytic ginfidh, verbal noun giniúint, past participle ginte)

    1. give birth to (used only in the autonomous form)
    2. germinate, sprout; spring forth; originate
    1. beget, procreate
    2. generate, produce

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gin ghin ngin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Janday[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin

  1. woman, girl

Further reading[edit]

  • John Gladstone Steele, Aboriginal Pathways: in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぎん

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin f

  1. gin (alcoholic beverage)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • gin in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gin in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English gin.

Noun[edit]

gin n (plural ginuri)

  1. gin

Declension[edit]


Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to dialectal English gin (if), which see for more.

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. if (conditional; subjunctive)
    Gin A war ye, A wad gang.If I were you, I would go.
    • 1778, Alexander Ross, Fortunate Shepherdess, page 124:
      Then says the squire,
      Gin that be all your fear,
      She sanna want a man, for want of gear.
      A thousand pounds a year, well burthen free,
      I mak her sure of, gin she'll gang with me.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English [Term?].

Preposition[edit]

gin

  1. Against; nearby; towards.
    gin night(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (past ghin, future ginidh, verbal noun gintinn, past participle ginte)

  1. beget, produce, father
  2. create, engender
  3. procreate, reproduce
  4. breed
  5. (computing) generate

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gin ghin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Noun[edit]

gin m (plural gines)

  1. gin
    Synonym: ginebra

Further reading[edit]


Sumerian[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gin

  1. Romanization of 𒁺 (gin)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin n

  1. gin (liquor)

Anagrams[edit]


Wiradhuri[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin

  1. Alternative spelling of geen

Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare gin.

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. if
    • 1927, “THE FORTH MAN'S GRACE AFTER A SCANTY DINNER”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, line 3:
      Gin we have no mo' maate, it maakes no mo' matter,
      ————————————————————————

References[edit]

  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 137

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin

  1. (Igbomina) to chip of a small part of something
    Synonym: yin
    ìyá gin uṣu ọmọ lọ́wọ́The mother chipped off a small part of a yam to give to the child
  2. (Igbomina) to trim the edges of something with a razor
    babá gin irun ọmọ náàThe father trimmed the edges of the child's hard