gin

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See also: Gin, GIN, giń, ĝin, gīn, and -gin

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of geneva or alternatively from Dutch genever (juniper) from Old French genevre (French genièvre), from Latin iūniperus (juniper). Hence gin rummy (first attested 1941).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

gin (countable and uncountable, plural gins)

  1. A colourless non-aged alcoholic liquor made by distilling fermented grains such as barley, corn, oats or rye with juniper berries; the base for many cocktails.
  2. (uncountable) Gin rummy.
  3. (poker) Drawing the best card or combination of cards.
    Johnny Chan held jack-nine, and hit gin when a queen-ten-eight board was dealt out.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Aphetism of Old French engin (engine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin (plural gins)

  1. (obsolete) A trick; a device or instrument.
  2. (obsolete) Contrivance; artifice; a trap; a snare.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  3. A snare or trap for game.
  4. A machine for raising or moving heavy objects, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.
  5. (mining) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.
  6. A pile driver.
  7. A windpump.
  8. A cotton gin.
  9. An instrument of torture worked with screws.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past and past participle ginned)

  1. (transitive) To remove the seeds from cotton with a cotton gin.
  2. (transitive) To trap something in a gin.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English ginnen (to begin), contraction of beginnen, from Old English beginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past gan, past participle gun)

  1. (archaic) To begin.
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iii]:
      Gonzalo: All three of them are deſperate : their great guilt / (Like poyſon giuen to worke a great time after) / Now gins to bite the ſpirits : / []

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Dharug dyin (woman), but having acquired a derogatory tone.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin (plural gins)

  1. (Australia, now considered offensive) An Aboriginal woman.
    • 1869, Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, Volume 1, page 273,
      His next shot was discharged amongst the mob, and most unfortunately wounded the gin already mentioned ; who, with a child fastened to her back, slid down the bank, and lay, apparently dying, with her legs in the water.
    • 1894, Ivan Dexter, Talmud: A Strange Narrative of Central Australia, published in serial form in Port Adelaide News and Lefevre's Peninsula Advertiser (SA), Chapter XXI, [1]
      From my position I could see the gins pointing back, and as the men turned they looked for a moment and then made a wild rush for the entrance.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter XXI, p. 353, [2]
      How they must have laughed about the strutting of her whose mother was a wanton and aunt a gin!
    • 1988, Tom Cole, Hell West and Crooked, Angus & Robertson, 1995, p.179,
      Dad said Shoesmith and Thompson had made one error that cost them their lives by letting the gins into the camp, and the blacks speared them all.
    • 2008, Bill Marsh, Jack Goldsmith, Goldie: Adventures in a Vanishing Australia, unnumbered page,
      But there was this gin there, see, what they called a kitchen girl.
Related terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Aboriginal Words, Oxford University Press, 1990, →ISBN, page 167.

Etymology 5[edit]

Cognate to Scots gin (if): perhaps from gi(v)en,[1] or a compound in which the first element is from Old English ġif (English if) and the second is cognate to English an (if) (compare iffen),[1] or perhaps from again.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. (chiefly Southern US, Appalachia, Scotland) If.
References[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 gin” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin m (plural gins)

  1. gin

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin f (genitive singular gine, nominative plural ginte)

  1. begetting, birth
  2. fetus
  3. offspring, child, person
  4. generating source

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (present analytic gineann, future analytic ginfidh, verbal noun giniúint, past participle ginte)

    1. give birth to (used only in the autonomous form)
    2. germinate, sprout; spring forth; originate
    1. beget, procreate
    2. generate, produce

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gin ghin ngin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Janday[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin

  1. woman, girl

Further reading[edit]

  • John Gladstone Steele, Aboriginal Pathways: in Southeast Queensland and the Richmond River

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぎん

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to dialectal English gin (if), which see for more.

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. if (conditional; subjunctive)
    Gin A war ye, A wad gang.If I were you, I would go.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)
    • 1778, Alexander Ross, Fortunate Shepherdess, page 124:
      Then says the squire,
      Gin that be all your fear,
      She sanna want a man, for want of gear.
      A thousand pounds a year, well burthen free,
      I mak her sure of, gin she'll gang with me.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English [Term?].

Preposition[edit]

gin

  1. Against; nearby; towards.
    gin night(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir (is born), from Proto-Celtic *ganyetor (compare Welsh geni (be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō (beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι (gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति (janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin (past ghin, future ginidh, verbal noun gintinn, past participle ginte)

  1. beget, produce, father
  2. create, engender
  3. procreate, reproduce
  4. breed
  5. (computing) generate

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
gin ghin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin m (plural gines)

  1. gin

Synonyms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin n

  1. gin (liquor)

Anagrams[edit]


Wiradhuri[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin

  1. Alternative spelling of geen