gin

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See also: Gin, GIN, ĝin, gīn, and -gin

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of geneva or alternatively from Dutch genever ‎(juniper) from Old French genevre (French genièvre), from Latin iūniperus ‎(juniper). Hence gin rummy (first attested 1941).

Noun[edit]

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gin ‎(countable and uncountable, plural gins)

  1. A colourless non-aged alcoholic liquor made by distilling fermented grains such as barley, corn, oats or rye with juniper berries; the base for many cocktails.
  2. (uncountable) Gin rummy.
  3. (poker) Drawing the best card or combination of cards.
    Johnny Chan held jack-nine, and hit gin when a queen-ten-eight board was dealt out.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Aphetism of Old French engin ‎(engine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin ‎(plural gins)

  1. (obsolete) A trick; a device or instrument.
  2. (obsolete) Contrivance; artifice; a trap; a snare.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  3. A snare or trap for game.
  4. A machine for raising or moving heavy objects, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.
  5. (mining) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.
  6. A pile driver.
  7. A windpump.
  8. A cotton gin.
  9. An instrument of torture worked with screws.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin ‎(third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past and past participle ginned)

  1. (transitive) To remove the seeds from cotton with a cotton gin.
  2. (transitive) To trap something in a gin.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English ginnen, from Old English ginnan ‎(to open; to cut open).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin ‎(third-person singular simple present gins, present participle ginning, simple past gan, past participle gun)

  1. (archaic) To begin.

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowing from Dharug dyin, but having acquired a derogatory tone.[1]

Noun[edit]

gin ‎(plural gins)

  1. (Australia, now considered offensive) An Aboriginal woman.
    • 1869, Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, Volume 1, page 273,
      His next shot was discharged amongst the mob, and most unfortunately wounded the gin already mentioned ; who, with a child fastened to her back, slid down the bank, and lay, apparently dying, with her legs in the water.
    • 1894, Ivan Dexter, Talmud: A Strange Narrative of Central Australia, published in serial form in Port Adelaide News and Lefevre's Peninsula Advertiser (SA), Chapter XXI, [1]
      From my position I could see the gins pointing back, and as the men turned they looked for a moment and then made a wild rush for the entrance.
    • 1938, Xavier Herbert, Capricornia, D. Appleton-Century, 1943, Chapter XXI, p. 353, [2]
      How they must have laughed about the strutting of her whose mother was a wanton and aunt a gin!
    • 1988, Tom Cole, Hell West and Crooked, Angus & Robertson, 1995, p.179,
      Dad said Shoesmith and Thompson had made one error that cost them their lives by letting the gins into the camp, and the blacks speared them all.
    • 2008, Bill Marsh, Jack Goldsmith, Goldie: Adventures in a Vanishing Australia, unnumbered page,
      But there was this gin there, see, what they called a kitchen girl.
Related terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]
  1. ^ R. M. W. Dixon, Australian Aboriginal Words, Oxford University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-19-553099-3, page 167.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin m ‎(plural gins)

  1. gin

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir ‎(is born), from Proto-Celtic *gan-yo- (compare Welsh geni ‎(be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō ‎(beget, bear), Greek γίγνομαι ‎(gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति ‎(janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin f ‎(genitive singular gine, nominative plural ginte)

  1. begetting, birth
  2. fetus
  3. offspring, child, person
  4. generating source

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin ‎(present analytic gineann, future analytic ginfidh, verbal noun giniúint, past participle ginte)

    1. give birth to (used only in the autonomous form)
    2. germinate, sprout; spring forth; originate
    1. beget, procreate
    2. generate, produce

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • athghin ‎(regenerate, verb)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gin ghin ngin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "gin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • gainithir” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gin

  1. rōmaji reading of ぎん

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

gin

  1. rafsi of jgina.

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Apparently reduced from gien ‎(given), under the influence of gif.

Conjunction[edit]

gin

  1. if (conditional; subjunctive)
    Gin A war ye, A wad gang.‎ ― If I were you, I would go.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Jamieson to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English [Term?].

Preposition[edit]

gin

  1. Against; nearby; towards.
    gin night‎ ― (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of A. Ross (1778) to this entry?)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish gainithir ‎(is born), from Proto-Celtic *gan-yo- (compare Welsh geni ‎(be born, bear)) from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (compare English kin, Latin gignō ‎(beget, bear), Ancient Greek γίγνομαι ‎(gígnomai, become), Sanskrit जनति ‎(janati, beget)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gin ‎(past ghin, future ginidh, verbal noun gintinn, past participle ginte)

  1. beget, produce, father
  2. create, engender
  3. procreate, reproduce
  4. breed
  5. (computing) generate

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English gin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin n

  1. gin (liquor)

Anagrams[edit]


Wiradhuri[edit]

Noun[edit]

gin

  1. Alternative spelling of geen