beginnen

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch beginnen, from Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɣɪnə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧gin‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɪnən

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. (ergative) to begin

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of beginnen (strong class 3, prefixed)
infinitive beginnen
past singular begon
past participle begonnen
infinitive beginnen
gerund beginnen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular begin begon
2nd person sing. (jij) begint begon
2nd person sing. (u) begint begon
2nd person sing. (gij) begint begont
3rd person singular begint begon
plural beginnen begonnen
subjunctive sing.1 beginne begonne
subjunctive plur.1 beginnen begonnen
imperative sing. begin
imperative plur.1 begint
participles beginnend begonnen
1) Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: begin

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German beginnen, from Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with Low German beginnen, Dutch beginnen, West Frisian begjinne, and English begin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɡɪnən/, [bəˈɡɪnən], [bəˈɡɪnn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

beginnen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present beginnt, past tense begann, past participle begonnen, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to begin; to commence; to be started
    Der Vortrag hat begonnen. — “The lecture has begun.”
  2. (chiefly literary, transitive or with mit) to start something; to begin something
    Er hat den Vortrag begonnen. — “He has started the lecture.”
    Er hat mit dem Vortrag begonnen. — “He has started the lecture.”

Usage notes[edit]

  • Beginnen is relatively rare in colloquial German and is most often replaced with anfangen. This is particularly true of the sense “to start something”.
  • In literary German, beginnen is often preferred to anfangen, though both are perfectly acceptable.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. to begin, to start
  2. to arise, to originate

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English beginnan, equivalent to be- +‎ ginnen.

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. start; begin
    • 1474, Caxton, Game and Playe of the Chesse[1]:
      And than we wyll begynne at the pawne whiche standeth to fore the rooke on the right side of the kinge for as moche as this pawne apperteyneth to serue the vicaire or lieutenant of the kynge and other officers vnder hym of necessaryes of vitayll/
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with English begin and Dutch beginnen.

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. to begin

Conjugation[edit]


Descendants[edit]