beginnen

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch beginnen, from Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɣɪnə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧gin‧nen
  • Rhymes: -ɪnən

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. (ergative) to begin

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of beginnen (strong class 3a, prefixed)
infinitive beginnen
past singular begon
past participle begonnen
infinitive beginnen
gerund beginnen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular begin begon
2nd person sing. (jij) begint begon
2nd person sing. (u) begint begon
2nd person sing. (gij) begint begont
3rd person singular begint begon
plural beginnen begonnen
subjunctive sing.1 beginne begonne
subjunctive plur.1 beginnen begonnen
imperative sing. begin
imperative plur.1 begint
participles beginnend begonnen
1) Archaic.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: begin
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bigin
  • Jersey Dutch: bexinne
  • Negerhollands: begin, bigin
  • ? Sranan Tongo: bigin

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German beginnen, from Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with Low German beginnen, Dutch beginnen, West Frisian begjinne, and English begin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈɡɪnən/, [bəˈɡɪnən], [bəˈɡɪnn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

beginnen (class 3 strong, third-person singular present beginnt, past tense begann, past participle begonnen, past subjunctive begänne or begönne, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to begin; to commence; to be started
    Der Vortrag hat begonnen.The lecture has begun.
  2. (chiefly literary, transitive or with mit) to start something; to begin something
    Er hat den Vortrag begonnen.He has started the lecture.
    Er hat mit dem Vortrag begonnen.He has started the lecture.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Beginnen is relatively rare in colloquial German and is most often replaced with anfangen. This is particularly true of the sense “to start something”.
  • In literary German, beginnen is often preferred to anfangen, though both are perfectly acceptable.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • beginnen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • beginnen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • beginnen” in Duden online

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną.

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. to begin, to start
  2. to arise, to originate

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old English beginnan, from Proto-West Germanic *biginnan.

Verb[edit]

beginnen

  1. start; begin
    • 1474, Caxton, Game and Playe of the Chesse[1]:
      And than we wyll begynne at the pawne whiche standeth to fore the rooke on the right side of the kinge for as moche as this pawne apperteyneth to serue the vicaire or lieutenant of the kynge and other officers vnder hym of necessaryes of vitayll
      And then we will begin at the pawn which stands before the rook on the right side of the king, for as much as this pawn appertains to serve the vicar or lieutenant of the king and other officers under him of vital necessity

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old High German biginnan, from Proto-Germanic *biginnaną. Cognate with English begin and Dutch beginnen.

Verb[edit]

beginnen (class 3 strong, third-person singular present beginnet, past tense began, past participle begunnen, past subjunctive begüne, auxiliary hân)

  1. to begin

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Benecke, Georg Friedrich; Müller, Wilhelm; Zarncke, Friedrich (1863), “beginnen”, in Mittelhochdeutsches Wörterbuch: mit Benutzung des Nachlasses von Benecke, Stuttgart: S. Hirzel