cin

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See also: cín, čin, cɨn, çıñ, čiŋ, and Çin

Arem[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *ciːnʔ, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *dciinʔ; cognate with Vietnamese chín.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cin

  1. nine

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

cin (ci)

  1. (archaic) thee, you

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from German, more specifically from High German. Compare German Zinn.[1] Ultimately, from Old High German zin, from Proto-Germanic *tiną.

Noun[edit]

cin (plural cinek)

  1. (folksy) tin
    Synonym: ón
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative cin cinek
accusative cint cineket
dative cinnek cineknek
instrumental cinnel cinekkel
causal-final cinért cinekért
translative cinné cinekké
terminative cinig cinekig
essive-formal cinként cinekként
essive-modal
inessive cinben cinekben
superessive cinen cineken
adessive cinnél cineknél
illative cinbe cinekbe
sublative cinre cinekre
allative cinhez cinekhez
elative cinből cinekből
delative cinről cinekről
ablative cintől cinektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ciné cineké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
cinéi cinekéi
Possessive forms of cin
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. cinem cinjeim
2nd person sing. cined cinjeid
3rd person sing. cinje cinjei
1st person plural cinünk cinjeink
2nd person plural cinetek cinjeitek
3rd person plural cinjük cinjeik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

Etymology 2[edit]

An onomatopoeia.

Interjection[edit]

cin

  1. squeak (imitative of a short, high-pitched sound of a mouse; can be used repetitively)
    • 1845, Hans Christian Andersen, “A fenyőfa (The Fir Tree)”, in Hans Christian Andersen meséi[1], →ISBN:
      Cin, cin! - cincogta egy előiramodó egérke.
      Squeak, squeak,” said a little mouse.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • (tin): cin in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • cin in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)

Iu Mien[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hmong-Mien *tsʰi̯en (thousand), from Chinese (MC t͡sʰen). Cognate with Western Xiangxi Miao [Fenghuang] canf.

Numeral[edit]

cin

  1. thousand

Old English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ċin n

  1. Alternative form of ċinn: chin
    • 1876, "C" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, p. 616:
      Our English ch (pronounced tch) for original c (as in chin for Old English cin, child for cild) is due probably to Norman influence, but here, as often, it is difficult to differentiate the results of the many disturbing causes which have operated upon our language.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kʷinuss, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷey- (to pay, avenge).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cin m

  1. fault, guilt
  2. sin, crime

Inflection[edit]

Masculine t-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cin cinaidL, cin cinaid
Vocative cin cinaidL, cin cinta
Accusative cinaidN cinaidL, cin cinta
Genitive cinad cinad cinadN
Dative cinaidL cintaib cintaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cin chin cin
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko, “*kʷinut-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, 2009, →ISBN, page 180

Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

cin

  1. sleeve

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish جن‎, from Arabic جِنّ(jinn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cin (definite accusative cini, plural cinler)

  1. genie
  2. (Islam) daemon

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative cin
Definite accusative cini
Singular Plural
Nominative cin cinler
Definite accusative cini cinleri
Dative cine cinlere
Locative cinde cinlerde
Ablative cinden cinlerden
Genitive cinin cinlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative Singular Plural
1st singular cinim cinlerim
2nd singular cinin cinlerin
3rd singular cini cinleri
1st plural cinimiz cinlerimiz
2nd plural cininiz cinleriniz
3rd plural cinleri cinleri
Definite accusative Singular Plural
1st singular cinimi cinlerimi
2nd singular cinini cinlerini
3rd singular cinini cinlerini
1st plural cinimizi cinlerimizi
2nd plural cininizi cinlerinizi
3rd plural cinlerini cinlerini
Dative Singular Plural
1st singular cinime cinlerime
2nd singular cinine cinlerine
3rd singular cinine cinlerine
1st plural cinimize cinlerimize
2nd plural cininize cinlerinize
3rd plural cinlerine cinlerine
Locative Singular Plural
1st singular cinimde cinlerimde
2nd singular cininde cinlerinde
3rd singular cininde cinlerinde
1st plural cinimizde cinlerimizde
2nd plural cininizde cinlerinizde
3rd plural cinlerinde cinlerinde
Ablative Singular Plural
1st singular cinimden cinlerimden
2nd singular cininden cinlerinden
3rd singular cininden cinlerinden
1st plural cinimizden cinlerimizden
2nd plural cininizden cinlerinizden
3rd plural cinlerinden cinlerinden
Genitive Singular Plural
1st singular cinimin cinlerimin
2nd singular cininin cinlerinin
3rd singular cininin cinlerinin
1st plural cinimizin cinlerimizin
2nd plural cininizin cinlerinizin
3rd plural cinlerinin cinlerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular cinim cinlerim
2nd singular cinsin cinlersin
3rd singular cin
cindir
cinler
cinlerdir
1st plural ciniz cinleriz
2nd plural cinsiniz cinlersiniz
3rd plural cinler cinlerdir

Vilamovian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cīn

  1. to pull
  2. to draw

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

cin (nominative plural cins)

  1. machine

Declension[edit]