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Alternative forms[edit]

  • Arabic numerals: 1000 (see for numerical forms in other scripts)
  • Roman numerals: M
  • ISO prefix: kilo-
  • Exponential notation: 103


From Middle English thousend, thusand, from Old English þūsend ‎(thousand), from Proto-Germanic *þūsundī ‎(thousand), (compare Scots thousand ‎(thousand), Saterland Frisian duusend ‎(thousand), West Frisian tûzen ‎(thousand), Dutch duizend ‎(thousand), German tausend ‎(thousand), Danish tusind ‎(thousand), Swedish tusen ‎(thousand), Icelandic þúsund ‎(thousand)), from Proto-Indo-European *tuHsont-, *tuHsenti- (compare Lithuanian tūkstantis ‎(thousand), Russian ты́сяча ‎(týsjača)).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈθaʊz(ə)nd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈθaʊz(ə)nd/, [ˈθaʊ̯z(ɪ̈)nd]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: thou‧sand


thousand ‎(plural thousands)

  1. (cardinal) A numerical value equal to 1,000 = 10 × 100 = 103
    The company earned fifty thousand dollars last month.
    Many thousands of people came to the conference.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike cardinal numerals up to ninety-nine, the word thousand is a noun like dozen and needs a determiner to function as a numeral.

  • a thousand men / one thousand men / the thousand men
  • compare a dozen men / one dozen men / the dozen men
  • compare ten men / the ten men

Thousand can be used also in plurals. It doesn't take -s when preceded by a determiner.

  • two thousand men / some thousand men
  • thousands of men / hundreds of thousands of men


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]