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Alternative forms[edit]

  • Arabic numerals: 1000 (see for numerical forms in other scripts)
  • Roman numerals: M
  • ISO prefix: kilo-
  • Exponential notation: 103


From Middle English thousend, thusand, from Old English þūsend(thousand), from Proto-Germanic *þūsundī(thousand), (compare Scots thousand(thousand), Saterland Frisian duusend(thousand), West Frisian tûzen(thousand), Dutch duizend(thousand), German tausend(thousand), Danish tusind(thousand), Swedish tusen(thousand), Icelandic þúsund(thousand), Faroese túsund(thousand), from Proto-Indo-European *tuHsont-, *tuHsenti- (compare Lithuanian tūkstantis(thousand), Russian ты́сяча(týsjača)).


  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈθaʊz(ə)nd/
  • (US) enPR: thou′zənd, IPA(key): /ˈθaʊz(ə)nd/, [ˈθaʊ̯z(ɪ̈)nd]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: thou‧sand


thousand (plural thousands)

  1. (cardinal) A numerical value equal to 1,000 = 10 × 100 = 103
    The company earned fifty thousand dollars last month.
    Many thousands of people came to the conference.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike cardinal numerals up to ninety-nine, the word thousand is a noun like dozen and needs a determiner to function as a numeral.

  • a thousand men / one thousand men / the thousand men
  • compare a dozen men / one dozen men / the dozen men
  • compare ten men / the ten men

Thousand can be used also in plurals. It doesn't take -s when preceded by a determiner.

  • two thousand men / some thousand men
  • thousands of men / hundreds of thousands of men


Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]



Most common English words before 1923: king · nature · answered · #363: thousand · looking · John · hour