ezer

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From zer (what).

Pronoun[edit]

ezer

  1. anything
    Ez dut ezer ikusi.I didn't see anything.
    Ezer behar duzu?Do you need anything?
    Ezer nahi baduzu, esan.If you want anything, tell me.
  2. nothing (in negative contexts)
    Ez du ezerk pozten.Nothing makes him happy.

Usage notes[edit]

This word is a negative polarity item, occurring in contexts such as negative sentences, questions, and conditional clauses. It does not correspond to "anything" in positive statements such as "I can do anything".


Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu
Hungarian numbers (edit)
10000
 ←  999 1,000 1001  → 
100
    Cardinal: ezer
    Nominal: ezres
    Ordinal: ezredik
    A.o.: ezredszer, ezredjére
    Adverbial: ezerszer
    Multiplier: ezerszeres
    Distributive: ezr(es)ével, ezrenként
    Fractional: ezred
    Number of people: ezren

Etymology[edit]

From Iranian, more specifically possibly from Alanic. Compare Ossetian ӕрзӕ́ (ærzǽ), Persian هزار(hezâr). The Iranian word is from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saȷ́ʰásram, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰéslom.[1] The Permic languages have also borrowed this numeral from Indo-Iranian, compare Komi-Zyryan сюрс (sjurs) and Udmurt сюрс (sjurs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈɛzɛr]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ezer
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Numeral[edit]

ezer

  1. one thousand
    Synonym: egyezer

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ezer ezrek
accusative ezret ezreket
dative ezernek ezreknek
instrumental ezerrel ezrekkel
causal-final ezerért ezrekért
translative ezerré ezrekké
terminative ezerig ezrekig
essive-formal ezerként ezrekként
essive-modal
inessive ezerben ezrekben
superessive ezren ezreken
adessive ezernél ezreknél
illative ezerbe ezrekbe
sublative ezerre ezrekre
allative ezerhez ezrekhez
elative ezerből ezrekből
delative ezerről ezrekről
ablative ezertől ezrektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ezeré ezreké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ezeréi ezrekéi
Possessive forms of ezer
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ezrem ezreim
2nd person sing. ezred ezreid
3rd person sing. ezre ezrei
1st person plural ezrünk ezreink
2nd person plural ezretek ezreitek
3rd person plural ezrük ezreik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Descendants[edit]

  • Slovene: jèzero (thousand)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • ezer in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.