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From Sanskrit सहस्र (sahasra)


सहस्र (sahasr?

  1. thousand




From Proto-Indo-European *(sm̥-)ǵʰéslo-. Cognates include Ancient Greek χίλιοι (khílioi) and Latin mīlle.


सहस्र (sahásran (rarely m)

  1. a thousand (with the counted object in the same case, singular or plural)
    सहस्रेण बाहुना (sahasreṇa bāhunā) — with a thousand arms
    सहस्रं भिषजः (sahasraṁ bhiṣajaḥ) — a thousand drugs; or in the genitive:
    द्व्सहास्रे सुवर्णस्य (dvsahāsre suvarṇasya) — two thousand pieces of gold
    चत्वारि सहस्राण् वर्षाणम् (catvāri sahasrāṇ varṣāṇam) — four thousand years; sometimes in compounds, either at the beginning of:
    युगसहास्रम् (yugasahāsram) — a thousand ages, or at the end of a compound:
    सहास्राश्वेन (sahāsrāśvena) — with a thousand horses; सहस्रम् (sahasram) may also be used as an indeclinable:
    सहस्रम् रिषिभिः (sahasram riṣibhiḥ) — with a thousand rishis; with other numerals it is used thus:
    एकाधिकं सहस्रम् (ekādhikaṁ sahasram) or एकसहस्रम् (ekasahasram) — a thousand one, 1001
    द्व्यधिकं सहस्रम् (dvyadhikaṁ sahasram) — a thousand two, 1002
    एकादशाधिकं सहस्रम् (ekādaśādhikaṁ sahasram) or एकादशं सहस्रम् (ekādaśaṁ sahasram) or एकादशसहस्रम् (ekādaśasahasram) — a thousand eleven or a thousand having eleven, 1011
    विंशत्यधिकं सहस्रम् (viṁśatyadhikaṁ sahasram) or विमं सहस्रम् (vimaṁ sahasram) — a thousand twenty, 1020
    द्वे सहस्रे (dve sahasre) or द्विसहच्रम् (dvisahacram) — two thousand
    त्रीणि सहस्राणि (trīṇi sahasrāṇi) or त्रिसहस्रम् (trisahasram) — three thousand; etc.
  2. a thousand cows or gifts (= सहस्रं गव्यम् (sahasraṁ gavyam) etc., used to express wealth)
    सहस्रं शताश्वम् (sahasraṁ śatāśvam) — a thousand cows and a hundred horses
    पर नूनं जायतामयं मनुस्तोक्मेव रोहतु |
    यः सहस्रंशताश्वं सद्यो दानाय मंहते ||
    pra nūnaṃ jāyatāmayaṃ manustokmeva rohatu |
    yaḥ sahasraṃśatāśvaṃ sadyo dānāya maṃhate ||
    May this man's sons be multiplied; like springing corn may Manu grow,
    Who gives at once in bounteous gift a thousand kine, a hundred steeds.
  3. any very large number (in Naighaṇṭuka 3.1 among the बहुनामानि (bahunāmāni); compare सहस्रकिरण (sahasrakiraṇa) etc.)



सहस्र (sahásra)

  1. a thousandth or the thousandth (= सहस्रतम (sahasratama) which is the better form)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1195