جن

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See also: خن

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ج ن ن(j-n-n). Compare Hebrew גָּנַן(gānán, to defend, to cover).

Verb[edit]

جَنَّ (janna) I, non-past يَجُنُّ‎‎ (yajunnu)

  1. (transitive) to cover, to hide, to conceal, to veil
  2. (transitive) to envelop, to enshroud, to cloak, to screen
  3. (transitive) to descend, to fall, to become night
    • 11 Century CE, Wallada bint al-Mustakfi, ترقب إذا جن الظلام زيارتي
      تَرَقَّبْ إِذَا جَنَّ الظَّلَامُ زِيَارَتِي / فَإِنِّي رَأَيْتُ اللَّيْلَ أَكْتَمَ لِلسِّرِّ
      taraqqab ʾiḏā janna ẓ-ẓalāmu ziyāratī / fa-ʾinnī raʾaytu l-layla ʾaktama li-s-sirri
      Await, when darkness falls, my visit. For I found the night to be a better keeper of secrets.
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Formally from the root ج ن ن(j-n-n); compare Aramaic ܓܢܝܐ(ginnāyā, tutelary deity) and also Latin genius.

Noun[edit]

جِنّ (jinnm (collective, singulative جِنِّيّ‎ m (jinniyy) or جِنِّيَّة‎ f (jinniyya))

  1. (collective) spiritual or otherwise unseen, undetectable, masked, or morphed beings that may be benevolent or helpful (agathodaemons, eudaemons), neutral, or malevolent (cacodemons); jinn, genies, genii; spirits and demons
    Synonym: جَانّ(jānn)
  2. (collective) any mythical beings in general (such as fairies, satyrs, nymphs, and elves)
Usage notes[edit]

In Arabic and Islamic mythology and demonology, the genies (alternatively referred to in English using the transliteration jinn), are conceptualized as a race that lives on earth alongside humans and beasts. Genies, like humans, are not deemed wholly evil or good, but they are said to possess powers that screen them from humankind, such as shapeshifting, which allows them to take up the form of animals (usually snakes and serpents) or even humans. Evil, godless, malicious, or otherwise harmful genies may influence the world indirectly (often through the works of human agents, such as sorcerers and witches) or directly (through the actions of the genies themselves). For example, Saʿd ibn ʿUbādah, one of the companions of Muhammad, is said to have been supposedly assassinated by a genie who shot him with an arrow while he was urinating alone in the desert. For more information, see the Wikipedia article on Jinn.

The word is also sometimes indiscriminately used when translating the non-Arabic names of other mythological beings (especially fairies and elves). This, however, often creates much confusion, and so various Arabicized forms of the original denominations may be used to avoid this.

Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Denominal verb from جِنّ(jinn, jinn; spirit, demon), leveled to the root ج ن ن(j-n-n).

Verb[edit]

جُنَّ (junna) I, non-past يُجَنُّ‎‎ (yujannu)

  1. (passive) to be possessed
    1. (passive) to seem or act as if possessed, to be insane, to be crazy, to be mad, to be deranged
    2. (passive) to be obsessed; to be infatuated
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَنّ (jannm

  1. verbal noun of جُنَّ (junna) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of جَنَّ (janna) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

جن (jan)

  1. woman

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic جِنّ(jinn).

Noun[edit]

جن (jenn) (plural جن‌ها(jenn-hâ))

  1. jinn, genie, demon, ghost
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From or cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬀𐬊𐬥𐬀(yaona, way), from Proto-Iranian *Háy (cognate with Pashto يون(yūn, movement; walking; going), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háy, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey-.

Noun[edit]

جن (jan) (plural جن‌ها(jan-hâ))

  1. side
  2. way
    • c. 1000, Abul-Qâsem Ferdowsi Tusi, The Book of Kings :
      پرندوش از این جن سواری گذشت
      که لرزید ازو سر به سر بوم و دشت
      parandōš az ēn ǰan sawārē guðašt
      ka larzīd azō sar-ba-sar būm u dašt
    Synonyms: راه(râh), سو()

Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒɪn/, /d͡ʒɪnn/

Noun[edit]

جن (jin, jinnm (plural جنات, Hindi spelling जिन्न)

  1. jinn
  2. demon

See also[edit]