derange

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See also: dérange and dérangé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French déranger, from Old French desrengier (throw into disorder), from des- + rengier (to put into line), from reng (line, row), from a Germanic source. See rank (noun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

derange (third-person singular simple present deranges, present participle deranging, simple past and past participle deranged)

  1. (transitive, chiefly passive) To cause (someone) to go insane or become deranged.
  2. (transitive) To cause disorder in (something); to distort from its ideal state.
    • 1776, Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations:
      Both these kinds of monopolies derange more or less the natural distribution of the stock of the society;
  3. (archaic) to disrupt somebody's plans, to inconvenience someone; derail.

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