mask

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Mask, mask., and māsk-

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

A man wearing a mask
President of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen wearing a mask

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French masque (a covering to hide or protect the face), from Italian maschera (mask, disguise), from Medieval Latin masca, mascha, mascus (mask, nightmare, ghost), of uncertain origin (see Latin masca). Replaced Old English grīma (mask), whence grime, and displaced non-native Middle English viser (visor, mask) borrowed from Old French viser, visier.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

mask (plural masks)

  1. A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection.
    a dancer's mask; a fencer's mask; a ball player's mask
  2. That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
  3. A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade
  4. A person wearing a mask.
    • 1880, George Washington Cable, The Grandissimes: A Story of Creole Life
      the mask that has the arm of the Indian queen
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling:
      Jones, now taking the mask by the hand, fell to entreating her in the most earnest manner, to acquaint him where he might find Sophia; and when he could obtain no direct answer, he began to upbraid her gently []
  5. (obsolete) A dramatic performance, formerly in vogue, in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
  6. (architecture) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like
    Synonym: mascaron
  7. (fortification) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
  8. (fortification) A screen for a battery
  9. (zoology) The lower lip of the larva of a dragonfly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
  10. (Puebloan, anthropology) A ceremonial object used in Puebloan kachina cults that resembles a Euro-American mask. (The term is objected to as an appropriate translation by Puebloan peoples as it emphasizes imitation but ignores power and representational intent.)
  11. (computing, programming) A pattern of bits used in bitwise operations; bitmask.
  12. (computer graphics) A two-color (black and white) bitmap generated from an image, used to create transparency in the image.
  13. (heraldry) The head of a fox, shown face-on and cut off immediately behind the ears.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive) To cover (the face or something else), in order to conceal the identity or protect against injury; to cover with a mask or visor.
  2. (transitive) To disguise; to cover; to hide.
  3. (transitive, military) To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
  4. (transitive, military) To cover or keep in check.
    to mask a body of troops or a fortess by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out
  5. (intransitive) To take part as a masker in a masquerade
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Cavendish to this entry?)
  6. (intransitive) To wear a mask; to be disguised in any way
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  7. (transitive) to cover or shield a part of a design or picture in order to prevent reproduction or to safeguard the surface from the colors used when working with an air brush or painting
  8. (transitive, computing) To set or unset (certain bits, or binary digits, within a value) by means of a bitmask.
    • 1993, Richard E. Haskell, Introduction to computer engineering (page 287)
      That is, the lower nibble (the 4 bits 1010 = A) has been masked to zero. This is because ANDing anything with a zero produces a zero, while ANDing any bit with a 1 leaves the bit unchanged []
  9. (transitive, computing) To disable (an interrupt, etc.) by setting or unsetting the associated bit.
    • 1998, Rick Grehan; Robert Moote; Ingo Cyliax, Real-Time Programming: A Guide to 32-bit Embedded Development, page 199:
      Some hardware interrupts can be masked, or disabled; that is, the CPU is told to ignore them.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English maske, from Old English max, *masc (net), from Proto-Germanic *maskwǭ (mesh, netting, mask), from Proto-Indo-European *mozgʷ-, *mezgʷ- (to knit, tie). Cognate with Dutch maas (mesh), German Masche (mesh), Icelandic möskvi (mesh).

Noun[edit]

mask (plural masks)

  1. A mesh.
  2. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) The mesh of a net; a net; net-bag.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English *mask, masch, from Old English māx, māsc (mash). More at mash.

Noun[edit]

mask (plural masks)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Mash.

Verb[edit]

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To mash.
  2. (transitive, Britain dialectal) (brewing) To mix malt with hot water to yield wort.
  3. (transitive, Scotland dialectal) To be infused or steeped.
  4. (Britain dialectal, Scotland) To prepare tea in a teapot; alternative to brew.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English masken, short for *maskeren, malskren (to bewilder; be confused, wander). More at masker.

Verb[edit]

mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, Britain dialectal) To bewilder; confuse.

References[edit]


Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish maþker, from Old Norse maðkr. Cognate with English mawk, Danish maddike and Finnish matikka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mask c

  1. worm
Declension[edit]
Declension of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken maskar maskarna
Genitive masks maskens maskars maskarnas
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French masque, from Latin masca. Details: see above, English mask.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mask c

  1. mask; a cover designed to disguise or protect the face
Declension[edit]
Declension of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken masker maskerna
Genitive masks maskens maskers maskernas
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]