جان

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: خان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى(janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي(j-n-y).

Adjective[edit]

جَانٍ (jānin) (informal جَانِي(jānī), feminine جَانِيَة(jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة(junāh) or جَانُونَ(jānūna), feminine plural جَانِيَات(jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَانٍ (jāninm (construct state جَانِي(jānī), plural جَانُونَ(jānūna) or جُنَاة(junāh), feminine جَانِيَة(jāniya))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Has the form derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ(janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ(junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن(j-n-n).

Noun[edit]

جَانّ (jānnm (collective, plural جِنَّان(jinnān) or جَوَانّ(jawānn) or جِنّ(jinn) or جِنَّة(jinna))

  1. jann, demon, the forefathers of the jinn.
  2. the singular term of jinn (rare)
  3. snake, serpent
  4. a serpentine or a draconic type of jinn
  5. an earth or a builder type of jinn
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Noun[edit]

جان (can) (definite accusative جانێ(canı), plural جانلار(canlar))

  1. Arabic spelling of can (life, soul)

Declension[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان (can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: can
  • Albanian: xhan
  • Macedonian: џан (džan)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: џан
    Latin: džan

Suffix[edit]

جان (can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (HYA), [Book Pahlavi needed] (yʾn'), 𐫃𐫏𐫀𐫗(gyʾn /gyān/, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wyaHnáH (equivalent to*wi- + *HanH- (to breathe)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wyaHnás, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- (to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان(gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان(gyan), Lishana Deni גיאנא‎, Avestan 𐬬𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬥𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬁(viiānaiiā), Sanskrit व्यान (vyāná).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جان (jân) (plural جان‌ها(jân-hâ))

Dari جان
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҷон (jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادن‎ ― jân-e xod râ az dast dâdanto lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

Suffix[edit]

جان (jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

Interjection[edit]

جان (jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 161

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English John.

Proper noun[edit]

جان (jân)

  1. A male given name, John, from English.
    جان کری‎ ― jân keriJohn Kerry

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jān)

Noun[edit]

جان (jānf (Gurmukhi spelling ਜਾਨ)

  1. life
    Synonyms: زندگی(zndgī), جیون(jevn), جندڑی(jndṛī), حیات(ḥiyat)
  2. soul
    Synonyms: آتما(ātmā), روح(roḥ)

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân).

Noun[edit]

جان (jān)

  1. life; soul

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان(jān).

Noun[edit]

جان (jānf (Hindi spelling जान)

  1. life, soul
  2. spirit, vitality

Declension[edit]

Declension of جان
singular plural
direct جان(jān) جانیں(jānẽ)
oblique جان(jān) جانوں(jānõ)
vocative جان(jān) جانو(jāno)

Uyghur[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان (jan)

  1. soul
  2. spirit
  3. life
    جېنىم‎ ― jénimmy dear
  4. person
  5. dear
    جان ئانا‎ ― jan anamy dear mother