جان

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: خان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى(janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي(j-n-y).

Adjective[edit]

جَانٍ (jānin) (informal جَانِي(jānī), feminine جَانِيَة(jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة(junāh) or جَانُونَ(jānūna), feminine plural جَانِيَات(jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَانٍ (jāninm (construct state جَانِي(jānī), plural جَانُونَ(jānūna) or جُنَاة(junāh), feminine جَانِيَة(jāniya))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Has the form derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ(janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ(junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن(j-n-n).

Noun[edit]

جَانّ (jānnm (collective, plural جِنَّان(jinnān) or جَوَانّ(jawānn) or جِنّ(jinn) or جِنَّة(jinna))

  1. jann, demon, the forefathers of the jinn.
  2. singular term of jinn (rarely)
  3. snake, serpent
  4. serpentine or draconic type of jinn
  5. earth or builder type of jinn
Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

Noun[edit]

جان (can) (definite accusative جانێ(canı), plural جانلار(canlar))

  1. Arabic spelling of can (life, soul)

Declension[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان (can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

Descendants[edit]

  • Turkish: can
  • Albanian: xhan
  • Macedonian: џан (džan)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: џан
    Latin: džan

Suffix[edit]

جان (can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (HYA), [Book Pahlavi needed] (yʾn'), 𐫃𐫏𐫀𐫗(gyʾn /gyān/, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wi- + *HanH- (to breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- (to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان(gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان(gyan), Avestan 𐬬𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬥𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬁(viiānaiiā), Sanskrit व्यान (vyāná).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Kabuli): IPA(key): /dʒɒːn/

Noun[edit]

جان (jân) (plural جان‌ها(jân-hâ))

Dari Persian جان
Iranian Persian
Tajik ҷон (jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادن‎ ― jân-e xod râ az dast dâdanto lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

Suffix[edit]

جان (jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

Interjection[edit]

جان (jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived terms[edit]
Borrowed terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 161

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English John.

Proper noun[edit]

جان (jân)

  1. A male given name, John, from English.
    جان کری‎ ― jân keriJohn Kerry

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân).

Noun[edit]

جان (jān)

  1. life; soul

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان(jān).

Noun[edit]

جان (jānf (Hindi spelling जान)

  1. life, soul
  2. spirit, vitality

Declension[edit]

Declension of جان
singular plural
direct جان(jān) جانیں(jānẽ)
oblique جان(jān) جانوں(jānõ)
vocative جان(jān) جانو(jāno)

Uyghur[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان (jan)

  1. soul
  2. spirit
  3. life
    جېنىم‎ ― jénimmy dear
  4. person