جان

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى (janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي (j-n-y).

Adjective[edit]

جَانٍ (jānin) (informal جَانِي (jānī), feminine جَانِيَة (jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة (junāh), feminine plural جَانِيَات (jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَانٍ (jāninm (construct state جَانِي (jānī), plural جُنَاة (junāh))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Has the form of an derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ (janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ (junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن (j-n-n).

Noun[edit]

جَانّ (jānnm

  1. jinn, demon, demons, fairy
Declension[edit]

Azeri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان (jân, soul, vital spirit, life), whence also Turkish can and Armenian ջան (ǰan).

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

جان (can) (definite accusative جانێ (canı), plural جانلار (canlar))

  1. soul, spirit
  2. being, creature, life
  3. body
  4. force, vigour

Declension[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian جان (jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان (can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

Suffix[edit]

جان (can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian HYA, yʾn' (gyān, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wi- + *HanH- (to breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- (to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Manichaean Middle Persian gyʾn (gyān), Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان (gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان (gyan), Avestan [script needed] (viiānayā), Sanskrit व्यान (vyāna).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جان (jân) (plural جان‌ها (jân-hâ))

Dari جان
Iranian Persian جان
Tajik ҷон (jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادنjân-e xod râ az dast dâdan ― to lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

Suffix[edit]

جان (jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

Interjection[edit]

جان (jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Johnny Cheung (2007), Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb, Ledien, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 161

Etymology 2[edit]

From English John.

Proper noun[edit]

جان (Jân)

  1. A male given name, John.