جان

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See also: خان

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى(janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي(j-n-y).

Adjective[edit]

جَانٍ ‎(jānin) ‎(informal جَانِي(jānī), feminine جَانِيَة(jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة(junāh), feminine plural جَانِيَات(jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَانٍ ‎(jāninm ‎(construct state جَانِي(jānī), plural جُنَاة(junāh))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Has the form of an derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ(janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ(junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن(j-n-n).

Noun[edit]

جَانّ ‎(jānnm ‎(plural جِنَّان(jinnān) or جَوَانّ(jawānn))

  1. jinn, demon, demons, fairy
Declension[edit]

Azeri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life), whence also Turkish can and Armenian ջան(ǰan).

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

جان ‎(can) ‎(definite accusative جانێ(canı), plural جانلار(canlar))

  1. soul, spirit
  2. being, creature, life
  3. body
  4. force, vigour

Declension[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان ‎(can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

Suffix[edit]

جان ‎(can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian HYA, yʾn'(gyān, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wi- + *HanH-(to breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁-(to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Manichaean Middle Persian gyʾn(gyān), Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان(gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان(gyan), Avestan [script needed](viiānayā), Sanskrit व्यान(vyāna).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جان ‎(jân) ‎(plural جان‌ها(jân-hâ))

Dari جان
Iranian Persian جان
Tajik ҷон(jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادن‎ ― jân-e xod râ az dast dâdan ― to lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

Suffix[edit]

جان ‎(jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

Interjection[edit]

جان ‎(jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 161

Etymology 2[edit]

From English John.

Proper noun[edit]

جان ‎(Jân)

  1. A male given name, John.
    جان کری‎ ― Jân KeriJohn Kerry