جان

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى ‎(janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي ‎(j-n-y).

Adjective[edit]

جَانٍ ‎(jānin) ‎(informal جَانِي ‎(jānī), feminine جَانِيَة ‎(jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة ‎(junāh), feminine plural جَانِيَات ‎(jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

جَانٍ ‎(jāninm ‎(construct state جَانِي ‎(jānī), plural جُنَاة ‎(junāh))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Has the form of an derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ ‎(janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ ‎(junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن ‎(j-n-n).

Noun[edit]

جَانّ ‎(jānnm

  1. jinn, demon, demons, fairy
Declension[edit]

Azeri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان ‎(jân, soul, vital spirit, life), whence also Turkish can and Armenian ջան ‎(ǰan).

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

جان ‎(can) ‎(definite accusative جانێ ‎(canı), plural جانلار ‎(canlar))

  1. soul, spirit
  2. being, creature, life
  3. body
  4. force, vigour

Declension[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Persian جان ‎(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Noun[edit]

جان ‎(can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

Suffix[edit]

جان ‎(can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*h₂enh₁-

From Middle Persian HYA, yʾn' ‎(gyān, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wi- + *HanH- ‎(to breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- ‎(to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Manichaean Middle Persian gyʾn ‎(gyān), Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان ‎(gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان ‎(gyan), Avestan [script needed] ‎(viiānayā), Sanskrit व्यान ‎(vyāna).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

جان ‎(jân) ‎(plural جان‌ها ‎(jân-hâ))

Dari جان
Iranian Persian جان
Tajik ҷон ‎(jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادنjân-e xod râ az dast dâdan ― to lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

Suffix[edit]

جان ‎(jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

Interjection[edit]

جان ‎(jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Johnny Cheung (2007), Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb, Ledien, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 161

Etymology 2[edit]

From English John.

Proper noun[edit]

جان ‎(Jân)

  1. A male given name, John.
    جان کریJân KeriJohn Kerry