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See also:
U+90A3, 那
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A3

[U+90A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
那-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 163, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸手弓中 (SQNL), four-corner 17527, composition𭃂)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1268, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39305
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90A3

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
那-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls): phonetic  (OC *njam, *njamʔ) + semantic  (city).

Originally the name of a state; later borrowed for a distal demonstrative.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

Cognate with (OC *njaɡ, “that”), (MC ȵiᴇX, “that”) (Norman, 1988). Also compare (Schuessler, 2007):

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: nèi - contraction of (nàyī), used when it is followed by classifier or numeral + classifier.
Note: naa6, no5 - rare.
Note:
  • nā - vernacular;
  • nō͘ - literary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. that; those
    /   ―  rén shì shuí?  ―  Who is that person?
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shì shénme?  ―  What's that?
    Antonym: (zhè)
  2. then; in that case
      ―  wǒ ne?  ―  (Then) what about me?
  3. (dialectal) so; that
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ná - vernacular;
  • nó͘ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naX/
Li
Rong
/nɑX/
Wang
Li
/nɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuǒ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 10769
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dated) Alternative form of (, “which; where”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚉
𨙻

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ na ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁar/
English ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. many; much
  2. beautiful
  3. calm; tranquil
  4. (historical) Nuo (a state)
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𨚗

Fusion of 如何 (OC *nja ɡaːl) or 奈何 (OC *naːls ɡaːl).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 10766
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. how

Etymology 6[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (nuó, “to move”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (8)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 10770
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Sentence-final interrogative particle.
  2. Synonym of (nài). (clarification of this definition is needed)
  3. to finish; to end

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 那吒, alternative form of 哪吒 (Nézhā).

Etymology 9[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from Manchu ᠨᠠᡵᠠ (nara)?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​. Na

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. what

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(na) (hangeul , revised na, McCune–Reischauer na, Yale na)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(na, , nả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.