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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A3
Code point U+90A3
Entity number 那
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A2] [U+90A4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
那-bw.png
Stroke order
那-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸手弓中 (SQNL), four-corner 17527, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1268, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39305
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90A3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls): phonetic  ‎(OC *njam, *njamʔ, fur) + semantic  ‎(city)

Originally the name of a city; later borrowed for a distal demonstrative.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (8)
Final: (94)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: nuó
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/ /nɑ/ /nɑ/ /na/ /nɑ/ /nɑ/ /nɑ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (8)
Final: (94)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: nuǒ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑX/ /nɑX/ /nɑX/ /naX/ /nɑX/ /nɑX/ /nɑX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (8)
Final: (94)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: nuò
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/ /naH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nuó ‹ na › /*nˤar/ ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10766 1 /*naːl/
10769 1 /*naːlʔ/
10770 1 /*naːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. that, those
    Antonyms: (zhè)
    /   ―  rén shì shuí?  ―  Who is that person?
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shì shénme?  ―  What's that?
  2. Used after (), 咋就. so; that
  3. then; in that case
      ―  wǒ ne?  ―  (Then) what about me?
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("that")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan 𡃕
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Wenzhou

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (dated) Alternative form of (, “which; where”).

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​. Na, Nuo

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. beautiful
  2. how
  3. many
  4. Alternative form of (nuó, “to move”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. what

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(na) (hangeul , revised na, McCune-Reischauer na, Yale na)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(na, , nả, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.