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U+90A3, 那
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90A3

[U+90A2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90A4]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
那-bw.png
Stroke order
那-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸手弓中 (SQNL), four-corner 17527, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1268, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39305
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3760, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90A3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls
*naːl
*naːlʔ
*noːm, *njam, *njamʔ
*noːm
*n̥ʰaːm, *n̥ʰaːm
*n̥ʰaːm, *njam
*n̥ʰaːm
*njam, *njams
*njam
*njam
*njam, *njamʔ
*njam
*njamʔ
*njamʔ, *neːmʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːl, *naːlʔ, *naːls): phonetic (OC *njam, *njamʔ, fur) + semantic (city).

Originally the name of a city; later borrowed for a distal demonstrative.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: nèi - colloquial contraction of (nàyī), used when it is followed by classifier or numeral + classifier.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (8) (8) (8)
Final () (94) (94) (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/na/ /naX/ /naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ/ /nɑX/ /nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuó nuǒ nuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nuó
Middle
Chinese
‹ na ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤar/
English ample

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 10766 10769 10770
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːl/ /*naːlʔ/ /*naːls/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. that; those
    Antonyms: (zhè)
    /   ―  rén shì shuí?  ―  Who is that person?
    什麼 / 什么  ―  shì shénme?  ―  What's that?
  2. Used after (), 咋就. so; that
  3. then; in that case
      ―  wǒ ne?  ―  (Then) what about me?
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“that”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan 𡃕
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dated) Alternative form of (, “which; where”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​. Na; Nuo

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. beautiful
  2. how
  3. many
  4. Alternative form of (nuó, “to move”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. what

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(na) (hangeul , revised na, McCune-Reischauer na, Yale na)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(na, , nả, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.