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See also:
U+5948, 奈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5948

[U+5947]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5949]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一一火 (KMMF), four-corner 40901, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 511, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 532, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5948

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːls, *naːds
*naːds
渿 *naːds
*naːd

A variant of .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nāi - literary;
  • ta/tai/tā - vernacular (limited, e.g. 無奈何).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (8) (8)
Final () (25) (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/najH/ /naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài nuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nài
Middle
Chinese
‹ najH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤa[t]-s/
English cope with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9349 9350
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːls/ /*naːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. how; why (used in rhetorical questions)
  2. to bear; to stand; to endure
  3. (Taiwan) The SI unit prefix nano-

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Abbreviation of 奈良: the city of Nara
  2. what
  3. (obsolete) apple tree

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からなし, katakana カラナシ, rōmaji karanashi)

  1. Obsolete form of 唐梨.
  2. (by extension) Obsolete spelling of 林檎 (apple)

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana いかん, rōmaji ikan)

  1. Alternative form of 奈何 (what)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nae, na) (hangeul , , revised nae, na, McCune-Reischauer nae, na)

  1. but, how
  2. bear, stand, endure

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nại, nhự)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.