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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A variant of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一一火 (KMMF), four-corner 40901, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 511, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 532, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5948

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑiH/ /nɑiH/ /nɑiH/ /nɑiH/ /najH/ /nɑiH/ /nɑiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/ /naH/ /nɑH/ /nɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nài ‹ najH › /*nˤa[t]-s/ cope with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9349 1 /*naːls/
9350 1 /*naːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. how, why (used in rhetorical questions)
  2. bear, stand, endure
  3. The SI unit prefix nano-

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Abbreviation of 奈良: the city of Nara
  2. what
  3. (obsolete) apple tree

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(nae, na) (hangeul , , revised nae, na, McCune-Reischauer nae, na)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nại, nhự)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.