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U+5948, 奈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5948

[U+5947]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5949]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A variant of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一一火 (KMMF), four-corner 40901, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 251, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5893
  • Dae Jaweon: page 511, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 532, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5948

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːls, *naːds
*naːds
渿 *naːds
*naːd

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nāi - literary;
  • ta/tai/tā - vernacular (limited, e.g. 無奈何).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (8) (8)
Final () (25) (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/najH/ /naH/
Li
Rong
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Wang
Li
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑiH/ /nɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài nuò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nài
Middle
Chinese
‹ najH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤa[t]-s/
English cope with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9349 9350
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naːls/ /*naːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. how, why (used in rhetorical questions)
  2. bear, stand, endure
  3. The SI unit prefix nano-

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. Abbreviation of 奈良: the city of Nara
  2. what
  3. (obsolete) apple tree

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(nae, na) (hangeul , , revised nae, na, McCune-Reischauer nae, na)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(na) ‎(kana )

  1. fish
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem 869)
      多良志比賣 可尾能美許等能 都良須等 美多々志世利斯 伊志遠多礼美吉
      足姫 神の命の 釣らすと み立たしせりし 石を誰れ見き
      たらしひめ かみのみことの つらすと みたたしせりし いしをたれみき
      tarashi hime kami no mikoto no na tsurasu to mi-tatashi serishi ishi wo tare miki
      who saw the rock that rose up against us as we tried to catch the fish belonging to the empress?

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: (na)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nại, nhự)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.