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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(silk, thin thread) + phonetic . Modern , from Middle Chinese nəp, from Old Chinese *nuːb. Original sense: "to patch old cloths", "to make enter → to accept, to receive; to contribute". The latter sense is the causative of (rù, from MC ȵip, from Old Chinese *njub, "to enter"), the glyph which is part of , the traditional form of ("to be inside"). Also cognate with (nèi, from MC nuoi, from Old Chinese *nuːbs, "to be in, inside").

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女火人月 (VFOB), four-corner 24927, composition)

  1. admit, take, receive, accept
  2. The SI unit prefix nano

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 916, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27264
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1345, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3373, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7D0D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /na⁵¹/
Harbin /na²⁴/ 出~
/na⁵³/ ~鞋底兒
Tianjin /nɑ⁵³/
Jinan /na²¹/
/na²¹³/ ~鞋底兒
Qingdao /na⁴²/
Zhengzhou /na²⁴/
Xi'an /na²¹/
Xining /na⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /na¹³/
Lanzhou /la⁵³/
Ürümqi /na²¹³/
Wuhan /na²¹³/
Chengdu /na³¹/
Guiyang /na²¹/
Kunming /na̠³¹/
Nanjing /lɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /lɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /naʔ²/
Pingyao /nʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /naʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /naʔ¹/
Suzhou /nəʔ³/
Hangzhou /nɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /nø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /na²²/
Tunxi /lɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /la²⁴/
Xiangtan /nɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /laʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nap̚⁵/
Taoyuan /nɑp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nap̚²/
Nanning /nap̚²²/
Hong Kong /nap̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /naʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /na⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nap̚³/ 出~
/nap̚⁵/ ~粹
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (8)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌp̚/ /năp̚/ /nᴀp̚/ /nəp̚/ /nəp̚/ /nɒp̚/ /nɒp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nop › /*nˤ[u]p/ bring or send in

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9391 3 /*nuːb/

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to accept; to recieve
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

  1. (SI unit) nano-

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(nap) (hangeul , revised nap, McCune-Reischauer nap, Yale nap)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nạp, nấp, nập, nép, nớp, núp, nượp, nuốt, nầm, nóp, nốp, nộp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.