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See also:
U+8345, 荅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8345

[U+8344]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8346]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿人一口 (TOMR) or X廿人一口 (XTOMR), four-corner 44601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1030, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30937
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1489, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3207, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8345

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
荅-bronze.svg 荅-bigseal.svg 荅-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tkuːb): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

“small bean”
Borrowed from Proto-Hmong-Mien *dəp (bean) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/təp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təp̚/
Li
Rong
/tᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/tɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
da
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ top ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˤ[ə]p/
English small bean

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4946
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tkuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. small bean
  2. A classifier. (clarification of this definition is being sought)
  3. thick
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the former (1969–1976) Singaporean simplified, second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dap) (hangeul , revised dap, McCune-Reischauer tap, Yale tap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.