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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土廿人口 (GTOR), four-corner 44161, composition)

  1. tower, spire, tall building

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 235, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 473, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 460, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5854

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping taap3, Yale taap3)


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. pagoda, tower, steeple

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

: a pagoda

From Middle Chinese (tɑp).

tapu > taɸu > *tawu > tau > tɔː > to̞ː

An abbreviation for 卒塔婆 (sotoba, sotōba), a transliteration of Sanskrit स्तूप (stūpa, heap) .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とう, historical hiragana たふ, romaji )

  1. (in general) a tower
  2. (Buddhist) a pagoda, a stupa
  3. (Christian) a steeple, spire
  4. (of a castle or fortification) a turret
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana とう, romaji -tō)

  1. (in general) a tower
  2. (Buddhist) a pagoda, a stupa
  3. (Christian) a steeple, spire
  4. (of a castle or fortification) a turret

Etymology 2[edit]

First appears in the Engishiki compilation of laws created in the early 900s, spelled phonetically in kanji as 阿良良伎 (araragi). Used as a euphemism for (tafu at the time), as that word's Buddhist connotations were viewed as taboo in contexts having to do with the religious center of Itsuki no Miya (斎宮, also known as Saikū).

In non-euphemistic uses, the word araragi refers to either the wild onion (more often known as ノビル (nobiru)) or the Japanese yew tree Taxus cuspidata (more often known as イチイ (ichii)), derived as the stem noun form of the verb 荒らぐ (araragu, to become rough, wild, violent), or as a compound from (arara, roughly, wildly) + (ki, tree), with the ki changing to gi due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あららぎ, romaji araragi)

  1. a tower
  2. (tarot) the tower, the sixteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks
  3. abbreviation for 塔舞 (Araragimai), the title of a piece of bugaku Japanese court dance
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tap) (hangeul , revised tap, McCune-Reischauer t'ap)


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (ta3), Wade-Giles t'a3)


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tɑp)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tháp, thạp, thóp)