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U+5974, 奴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5974

[U+5973]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5975]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女水 (VE), four-corner 47440, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 254, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6039
  • Dae Jaweon: page 517, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1024, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5974

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
奴-oracle.svg 奴-bronze.svg 奴-silk.svg 奴-seal.svg 奴-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (woman) + (hand) – a hand capturing and ordering a woman around. (OC *naʔ, *nas) may also be phonetic.

Some oracle bone script forms (not depicted above) are pictographic (象形), showing a person (probably a woman) with hands crossed at the back, as opposed to which depicts a woman clasping her hands in front of the body.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /nu³⁵/
Harbin /mu²⁴/
Tianjin /nu⁴⁵/
Jinan /mu⁴²/
Qingdao /nu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /nu⁴²/
Xi'an /nou²⁴/
Xining /nv̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /nu⁵³/
Lanzhou /lu⁵³/
Ürümqi /mu⁵¹/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /nu³¹/
Nanjing /lu²⁴/
Hefei /lu⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /nəu¹¹/
Pingyao /nəu¹³/
Hohhot /nəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /nu²³/
Suzhou /nəu³¹/
Hangzhou /no²¹³/
Wenzhou /nɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /lu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ləu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ləu¹³/
Xiangtan /nəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nu¹¹/
Taoyuan /mu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nou²¹/
Nanning /nu²¹/
Hong Kong /nou²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nu³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nõu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nu³¹/
/nɔu³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/nuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/no/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɔ/
Li
Rong
/no/
Wang
Li
/nu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
nou4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nu ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁa/
English slave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9600
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. slave; servant
  2. (polite) I
  3. (derogatory) a person associated with a particular identity or trait
  4. to enslave

Synonyms[edit]

  • (I):

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. a thing, an object; (derogatory, familiar) a person

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
やつ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
やつヤツ
[noun] (colloquial, impolite) fellow, chap, guy
[pronoun] (colloquial, impolite) he, she
Alternative spellings
, やつ
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
やっこ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
やっこ
[noun] servant, valet, footman
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
H
[suffix] [from early 1300s] : derogatory suffix attached to people's names or words that refer to people, animals, etc.
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(no) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: , no, , nọ

  1. (colloquial) he, she, it

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm.
  • This is the common form of this character. The regular form is .
  • The term is de facto used to refer to any animal (including the human) in the third person, in a disrespectful manner. The use of the term to translate the English it, or to refer to an inanimate object, is rather artificial, and mostly found in awkward (but common) translation of other languages.

References[edit]