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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + 

朕-oracle.svg 朕-bronze.svg 朕-bigseal.svg 朕-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月廿大 (BTK), four-corner 78234, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 505, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 884, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2071, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6715

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (朕), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 直稔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖiɪmX/ /ȡʱi̯əmX/ /ȡiəmX/ /ɖimX/ /ɖimX/ /ȡĭĕmX/ /ȡjemX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhèn ‹ drimX › /*lrəmʔ/ I, we, our

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17110 1 /*l'ɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pronoun 'I' (reserved for use by the emperor after the Qin Dynasty)
  2. omen

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Readings[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちん, romaji chin)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jim) (hangeul , revised jim, McCune-Reischauer chim, Yale cim)

  1. I (used by royalty, usually an emperor)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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