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U+6715, 朕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6715

[U+6714]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6716]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月廿大 (BTK), four-corner 78234, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 505, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 884, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2071, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6715

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
朕-oracle.svg 朕-bronze.svg 朕-bigseal.svg 朕-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'ɯːs
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯnʔ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *hljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋ
*ljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋs, *lɯŋs

Simplified from 𦩎 ( and ), corruption of an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (boat) +  (item) +  (two hands), seen in the oracle bone script and bronze inscriptions, originally meaning “to mend a boat”. It was later borrowed to be used as a first-person pronoun.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjimX/
Li
Rong
/ȡjəmX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lrəmʔ/
English I, we, our

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17110
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. I; my (reserved for use by the emperor after the Qin Dynasty)
  2. omen

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“I”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Ningbo 我儂像我
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana ちん, rōmaji chin)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jim) (hangeul , revised jim, McCune-Reischauer chim, Yale cim)

  1. I (used by royalty, usually an emperor)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of trẫm, “I; me(only used by a monarch)