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U+6715, 朕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6715

[U+6714]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6716]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月廿大 (BTK), four-corner 78234, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 505, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 884, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2071, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6715

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
朕-oracle.svg 朕-bronze.svg 朕-bigseal.svg 朕-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'ɯːs
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯmʔ, *l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯmʔ
*l'ɯnʔ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *l'ɯːŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ
*l'ɯːŋ, *hljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*l'ɯːŋ
*hljɯŋ, *hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*hljɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋ
*ljɯŋs, *lɯŋs
*ɦljɯŋs, *lɯŋs

Simplified from 𦩎 ( and ), corruption of an ideogrammic compound (會意): (boat) + (item) + (two hands), seen in the oracle bone script and bronze inscriptions, originally meaning “to mend a boat”. It was later borrowed to be used as a first-person pronoun.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖjimX/
Li
Rong
/ȡjəmX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhèn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lrəmʔ/
English I, we, our

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17110
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯmʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. I; my (reserved for use by the emperor after the Qin Dynasty)
  2. omen

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“I”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Ningbo 我儂像我
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちん
Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana ちん, romaji chin)

  1. I (used by royalty)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jim) (hangeul , revised jim, McCune-Reischauer chim, Yale cim)

  1. I (used by royalty, usually an emperor)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of trẫm, “I; me(only used by a monarch)