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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *l'ɯmʔ) + semantic  ‎(horse) – a horses’ gallop, prance.

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +10, 20 strokes, cangjie input 月火手火 (BFQF), four-corner 79227, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1442, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44915
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1967, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2125, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9A30

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (129)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: téng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dəŋ/ /dəŋ/ /dəŋ/ /dəŋ/ /dəŋ/ /dəŋ/ /dʱəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
téng ‹ dong › /*lˤəŋ/ to mount; oppress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17115 0 /*l'ɯːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fly
  2. gallop
  3. run
  4. prance
  5. rise

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(deung) (hangeul , revised deung, McCune-Reischauer tŭng, Yale tung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đằng)

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