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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(strength)

Graphically, the character decomposes as  + , though this is not the etymology.

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月火手尸 (BFQS), four-corner 79227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 148, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2409
  • Dae Jaweon: page 335, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2090, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+52DD

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勝), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 識蒸切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨŋ/ /ɕi̯əŋ/ /ɕiəŋ/ /ɕɨŋ/ /ɕiŋ/ /ɕĭəŋ/ /ɕieŋ/
Character (勝), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 詩證切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨŋH/ /ɕi̯əŋH/ /ɕiəŋH/ /ɕɨŋH/ /ɕiŋH/ /ɕĭəŋH/ /ɕieŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sying › /*l̥ əŋ/ equal to, capable of
shèng ‹ syingH › /*l̥ əŋ-s/ overcome; surpass

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17127 0 /*hljɯŋ/
17128 0 /*hljɯŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. victory, success
  2. to beat

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Definitions[edit]

  1. (win a game): かつ, かち
  2. (be superior to): まさる

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 勝気 ‎(かちき, kachiki)
  • 勝鬨 ‎(かちどき, kachidoki)
  • 決勝於千里之外 ‎(かちをせんりのほかにけっす, kachiwosenrinohokanikessu)
  • 勝残去殺 ‎(ざんにかちさつをさるべし, zannikachisatsuwosarubeshi)
  • 勝引 ‎(かちびき, kachibiki)
  • 勝因 ‎(しょういん, shōin)
  • 勝会 ‎(しょうかい, shōkai)
  • 勝軍 ‎(しょうぐん, shōgun)
  • 勝景 ‎(しょうけい, shōkei)
  • 勝国 ‎(しょうこく, shōkoku)
  • 勝算 ‎(しょうさん, shōsan)
  • 勝事 ‎(しょうじ, shōji)
  • 勝状 ‎(しょうじょう, shōjō)
  • 勝迹 ‎(しょうせき, shōseki)
  • 勝絶 ‎(しょうぜつ, shōzetsu)
  • 勝戦 ‎(しょうせん, shōsen)
  • 勝訴 ‎(しょうそ, shōso)
  • 勝地 ‎(しょうち, shōchi)
  • 勝致 ‎(しょうち, shōchi)
  • 勝敗 ‎(しょうはい, shōhai)
  • 勝負 ‎(しょうぶ, shōbu)
  • 勝兵 ‎(しょうへい, shōhei)
  • 勝友 ‎(しょうゆう, shōyū)
  • 勝遊 ‎(しょうゆう, shōyū)
  • 勝利 ‎(しょうり, shōri)
  • 勝流 ‎(しょうりゅう, shōryū)
  • 勝麗 ‎(しょうれい, shōrei)
  • 大勝 ‎(たいしょう, taishō)
  • 名勝 ‎(めいしょう, meishō)
  • 優勝 ‎(ゆうしょう, yūshō)

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 553
  • Halpern: 1005
  • Halpern Learners: 686
  • Heisig: 1209
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b8.4
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. wins, victories

Antonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まさる, romaji Masaru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seung) (hangeul , revised seung, McCune-Reischauer sŭng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thắng, sền)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.