かち

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See also: がち

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

<kati> → /kat͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Cognate with Okinawan かち (katɕi), Kunigami かちー (katɕiː) and Eastern Old Japanese 加志 (<kasi>, whence Japanese (kashi)).

Noun[edit]

かち (rōmaji kachi)

  1. , , 歩行, 徒歩: (dated) walking, going on foot
    Synonyms: 徒歩 (toho), 歩き (aruki)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 11, poem 2425)
      山科 (やましなの) 強田山 (こはたのやまを) 馬雖在 (うまはあれど)  (かち)吾来 (よりわがこし) 汝念不得 (なをおもひかねて) [Man'yōgana]
      山科 (やましな)の 木幡 (こはた) (やま)を  (うま)はあれど  () ()より () ()し  () (おも)ひかねて [Modern spelling]
      <Yamasina no2 Ko2pata no2 yama wo uma pa aredo2 kati yo2ri waga ko2si na wo omo2pi1kanete>
      → Yamashina no Kowata no yama o uma wa aredo kachi yori waga koshi na o omoikanete
      Through the mountain of Kowata, Yamashina, though having a horse, I have come on foot, with becoming unable to suppress my feelings for you.
  2. , , 歩行, 徒歩, 徒士: (historical) a lower-level samurai who accompanies with the master in walking and goes on the beginning of the parade
    Synonyms: 徒の衆 (kachi no shū), 徒侍 (kachizamurai), 御徒 (okachi), 御徒士 (okachi)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of かち – see the following entry at 勝ち.
かち【勝ち】
[noun]victory
(This term, かち, is a hiragana spelling of 勝ち.)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of かち – see the following entries.
価値
[noun]value, worth
S
[noun](archaic) dark navy blue
[noun]coarse woolen fabric
(This term, かち, is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi かち, not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading かち.