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U+53EF, 可
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53EF

[U+53EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53F0]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
5 strokes
Stroke order
可-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一弓口 (MNR), four-corner 10620, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 567, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+53EF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
可-oracle.svg 可-bronze.svg 可-silk.svg 可-bigseal.svg 可-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːlʔ
*kaːl
*kaːl, *ɡaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːl
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ
*kaːlʔ, *kaːnʔ
*kʰaːl, *kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːl
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ
*kʰaːlʔ, *kʰaːls
*kʰaːls, *ɡaːl
*qʰaːl, *qʰaːls
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːl
*qʰaːls, *ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl, *ɡaːlʔ
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːl
*ɡaːls
*qaːl
*qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl, *kʰraːls
*qaːl
娿 *qaːl, *qaːlʔ
*qaːl
*kʰraːlʔ
*qʰraːlʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːlʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰluːʔ).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khó/khóⁿ - literary;
  • khóa/khó͘ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaX/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑX/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khaX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰˤa[j]ʔ/
English may; acceptable

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7446
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːlʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. can, may, be able to
  2. Particle used for emphasis.
    • 知道  ―  bù tài zhīdào.  ―  I don't really know.
  3. to approve, to permit
  4. to suit
    • 可心 (kěxīn, “satisfying”)
  5. to be worth doing
  6. Prefix attached to verbs, expressing possibility and turning them into adjectives. Similar to the English suffix -able.
      ―  chī  ―  edible
    /   ―  ài  ―  lovely
    /   ―  lián  ―  pitiful
  7. Short for 可是 (kěshì, “but”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ka)

  1. passable

See also[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

  1. permitted, allowed, licensed

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga, geuk) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, kŭk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khả, khá, tài)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.