五十

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

five ten
simp. and trad.
(五十)
anagram 十五

Pronunciation[edit]


Numeral[edit]

五十

  1. fifty; 50

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (五十):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
goon

/ɡoʑipu//ɡoʑifu//ɡoʑɨu//ɡoʑuː/

From Middle Chinese compound 五十 (MC ŋuoX d͡ʑiɪp̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. fifty, 50
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. a fifty-year-old

Proper noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji Gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. Short for 五十蔵 (Gojū‎zō): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨i so1 → */isʷo//iso/

Compound of Old Japanese elements  () (i, five, combining form) +  () (so, ten).

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. fifty, 50
    • 10th century, Kokin Waka Rokujō (book 1, volume 2, poem 725)
       (いは) (うへ) (まつ) (こすゑ) () (ゆき)いそかへり () (のち)までも ()
      iwa no ue ni matsu no kozue ni furu yuku wa isokaeri fure nochi made mo min
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. (by extension) a large quantity
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji Iso)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
jukujikun

Compound of  () () (iso, fifty, see above) +  () (-chi, "road" → counter for length of time). The chi changes to ji (historical di) as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

This kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): fifty, 50

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): a fifty-year-old; the fiftieth year

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Shift from iso (see above), used in many compounds.

Already attested in Old Japanese as 借訓 (shakkun) kana for ⟨i⟩.

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. Combining form of いそ (iso) above: fifty, 50
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. (by extension) Combining form of いそ (iso) above: a large quantity
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Numeral[edit]

五十 (osip) (hangeul 오십)

  1. Hanja form? of 오십 (fifty).