五十

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Chinese[edit]

five ten
simp. and trad.
(五十)
anagram 十五

Pronunciation[edit]


Numeral[edit]

五十

  1. fifty; 50

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (五十):
  • Japanese:  () (じゅう) (gojū)
  • Korean: 오십 (五十, osip)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

*/ŋo d͡ʑipu//ɡozipu//ɡoʑifu//ɡoʑiu//ɡoʑuː/

From Middle Chinese 五十 (MC ŋuoX d͡ʑiɪp̚).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. fifty, 50
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana ごじゅう, rōmaji gojū, historical hiragana ごじふ)

  1. a fifty-year-old

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

⟨i so1 → */isʷo//iso/

Compound of Old Japanese elements  () (i, five, combining form) +  () (so, ten).

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. fifty, 50
    • 10th century, Kokin Waka Rokujō (book 1, volume 2, poem 725)
       (いは) (うへ) (まつ) (こすゑ) () (ゆき)いそかへり () (のち)までも ()
      iwa no ue ni matsu no kozue ni furu yuku wa iso kaeri fure nochi made mo min
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji iso)

  1. (figuratively) a large quantity

Proper oun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそ, rōmaji Iso)

  1. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of  () () (iso, fifty, see above) +  () (-chi, "road" → counter for length of time). The chi changes to ji (historical di) as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

This kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): fifty, 50

Noun[edit]

五十 (hiragana いそじ, rōmaji isoji, historical hiragana いそぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 五十路 (isoji): a fifty-year-old; the fiftieth year

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

Short-form of iso (see above), used in many compounds.

Numeral[edit]

五十 (hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. element in compounds relating to the number fifty (50)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Numeral[edit]

五十 (osip) (hangeul 오십)

  1. Hanja form? of 오십 (fifty).