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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – old man with cane asking for directions, doubting his way (a figure with a cane in one hand, head a large mouth).

Current form is radically abstracted, with elements varying greatly in intermediate scripts – graphically 匕 + 矢 on left, マ + 疋 on right.

Han character[edit]

(radical 103 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心大弓戈人 (PKNIO), four-corner 27481, composition𠤕)

  1. doubt, question, suspect

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 768, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22007
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1178, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2751, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7591

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i³⁵/
Harbin /i²⁴/
Tianjin /i⁴⁵/
Jinan /i⁴²/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /ji²⁴/
Yinchuan /i⁵³/
Lanzhou /i⁵³/
Ürümqi /i⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
/i²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /i²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /i³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋi¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²¹/
Nanning /ni²¹/
Hong Kong /ji²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋi²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨ/
Li
Rong
/ŋiə/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngi ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ](r)ə/ (< uvular)
English doubt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14894
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɯ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ui, eung) (hangeul , , revised ui, eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, ŭng, Yale uy, ung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.