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U+5C3A, 尺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3A

[U+5C39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 44, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: 'chí' pronunciation only used in 尺寸 (chícun).
Note:
  • chióh - vernacular;
  • chék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhioh - vernacular;
    • chhek/chhiak - literary.
    Note:
    • cioh4 - Shantou;
    • ciêh4 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰak̚¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰɑk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɛk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
    /t͡sʰioʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰioʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚³/
    /sio⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter tsyhek
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cik1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰAk/
    English foot (measure)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1461
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰjaɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. chi; Chinese foot (a traditional Chinese unit of distance based on the human forearm and equal to 10 cun () or 1/10 zhang ())
    2. (Mainland China) mainland chi; Chinese foot, standardized in 1984 as 1/3 meter
    3. (Taiwan) Taiwanese foot, standardized as 10/33 meter and identical to the Japanese shaku
    4. (Hong Kong) chek; Hong Kong foot, standardized as 0.371475 meters
    5. (informal) imperial foot
      Synonyms: 英尺 (yīngchǐ), (chǐ)
    6. ruler (straightedge) (Classifier: m c;  m h mn;  m)
    7. tape measure
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (ruler):
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]
    • English: chi, chek
    • Zhuang: cik

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp. #

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (music) Kunqu gongche notation for the note re (2).
    2. (music) Cantonese opera gongche notation for the note re (2).

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. shaku (measurement)
    2. measure

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    しゃく
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC tsyhek).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しゃく) or (せき) (shaku or seki

    1. the shaku, "metal shaku", or Japanese foot: a traditional Japanese unit of length equal to 10 sun () or 110 (), standardized as 1033 of a meter
      • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 6, page 46:
        [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
        (please add an English translation of this quotation)
      • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
        シャク 十寸為尺
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      • 1603–1604, Nippo Jisho, page 741:
        Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
        (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    2. the "whale shaku", a variant of the shaku used in measuring cloth equal to 2566 of a meter
    3. length
    4. (zoology) The geometer moth (Geometra papilionaria)
      • 1603–1604, Nippo Jisho, page 741:
        Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
        (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    5. (zoology) the inchworm
    Idioms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たかばかり
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spellings
    竹量
    鷹秤

    Compound of bound (taka, bamboo) +‎ 測り (hakari), voiced due to compounding.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): [ta̠ka̠ba̠ka̠ɾʲi]

    Noun[edit]

    (たかばかり) (takabakari

    1. a bamboo measure

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (cheok))

    1. Hanja form? of (Korean foot (30.3cm)).
    2. Hanja form? of (ruler; straightedge).

    Compounds[edit]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: xích[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: xệch[2][5][4], xách[1][5], xế[2][5], xích[3][6], sệch[2], xạch[2], xịch[5]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]