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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan chhe, which may be etymologically unrelated.


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰak̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰɑk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɛk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
/t͡sʰioʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰioʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚³/
/sio⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (24)
Final: (123)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/ /cʰiajk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǐ ‹ tsyhek › /*tʰAk/ foot (measure)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1461 0 /*tʰjaɡ/

Noun[edit]

(classifier ())

  1. The chi or Chinese foot, a traditional Chinese unit of distance based on the human forearm and equal to 10 cun ( (cùn)) or 1/10 zhang ( (zhàng))
  2. The mainland chi or Chinese foot, standardized in 1984 as 1/3 of a meter
  3. (Taiwan) The Taiwanese chhioh or foot, approximately 1/3 m. Standardized as 10/33 of a meter and identical to the Japanese shaku
  4. (Hong Kong) The chek or Hong Kong foot, standardized as 0.371475 meters
  5. (informal) an Imperial foot
  6. a ruler (straightedge)
  7. a tape measure

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

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Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃく
Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsyhek, foot (measure)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゃく, romaji shaku, alternative reading せき, romaji seki)

  1. The shaku, "metal shaku", or Japanese foot: a traditional Japanese unit of length equal to 10 sun () or 1/10 (), standardized as 10/33 of a meter
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 6, page 46:
      [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
      シャク 十寸為尺
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
  2. The "whale shaku", a variant of the shaku used in measuring cloth equal to 125/330 of a meter
  3. length
  4. (zoology) The geometer moth (Geometra papilionaria)
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
  5. (zoology) The inchworm
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of bound ‎(taka, bamboo) +‎ 測り ‎(hakari), voiced due to compounding.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たかばかり, romaji takabakari)

  1. a bamboo measure
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 6, page 46:
      魏武上雜物䟽云、象牙尺、齒亦反、辨色立成云、尺竹量也、太加波可利

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

  1. () Korean foot (30.3cm)
  2. () measure
  3. (길이) length

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xích, xách, xế, xệch, xịch, sệch, xạch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]