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See also: and
U+77F3, 石
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77F3

[U+77F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77F4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
石-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 112 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一口 (MR), four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #112, .

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1239, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2416, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
石-oracle.svg 石-bronze.svg 石-silk.svg 石-seal.svg 石-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjaɡs
*taːɡs
*taːɡs
*taːɡ, *tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *tjaɡ
*tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *raːɡ
*tjaɡ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̊ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*rtaːɡ
*tjaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ

Pictogram (象形): a stone beneath a cliff (). The cliff was subsequently distorted into .

Alternatively, a cave set into the side of a cliff or mountain.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siŏh - vernacular;
  • sĭk - literary.
Note:
  • chio̍h - vernacular;
  • siā/sia̍h - vernacular (limited, e.g. 石榴, 石硯, 石石 (siā-chio̍h));
  • se̍k/si̍t/sia̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕi²²/
Tunxi /ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʂɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /sak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʃɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛk̚²/
Nanning /sɛk̚²²/
Hong Kong /sɛk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚⁵/
/t͡sioʔ⁵/
/sia²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siɔ⁴⁴/
/si⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/t͡sio³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyek ›
Old
Chinese
/*dAk/
English stone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11470
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djaɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. stone; rock

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From (dàn) (Qiu, 1988).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
いし
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Likely cognate with (iso, a pebble; gravel; a rocky beach).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いし, rōmaji ishi)

  1. stone
    • 1999 March 27, “ストーン・アルマジラー [Stone Armadiller]”, in Vol.2 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (からだ) (いし)のように (かた) () (おお)われており、 (まも)りがかたい。
      Karada ga ishi no yō ni katai ke de ōwareteori, mamori ga katai.
      With a body covered in a coat as hard as stones, its defense is rock solid.
  2. (slang, electronics) transistor

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こく, rōmaji koku)

  1. koku (traditional Japanese unit of volume, approx. 180 litres)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana せき, rōmaji -seki)

  1. (slang, electronics) transistor, especially discrete ones
     (ろく) (せき)ラジオ
    rokuseki rajio
    six-transistor radio

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seok)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seok, McCune-Reischauer: sŏk, Yale: sek)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thạch, đán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ishi).

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. stone