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See also: and
U+77F3, 石
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77F3

[U+77F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77F4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
石-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 112, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一口 (MR), four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #112, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 827, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1239, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2416, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+77F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
石-oracle.svg 石-bronze.svg 石-silk.svg 石-seal.svg 石-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjaɡs
*taːɡs
*taːɡs
*taːɡ, *tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *tjaɡ
*tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *raːɡ
*tjaɡ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̊ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*rtaːɡ
*tjaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ
*djaɡ

Pictogram (象形): a stone beneath a cliff (). The cliff was subsequently distorted into .

Alternatively, a cave set into the side of a cliff or mountain.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siŏh - vernacular;
  • sĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chio̍h - vernacular;
    • siā/sia̍h - vernacular (limited, e.g. 石榴, 石硯, 石石 (siā-chio̍h));
    • se̍k/si̍t/sia̍k - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩³⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʃz̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xining /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Wuhan /sz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʂəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /səʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /ʂʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /zei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕi²²/
    Tunxi /ɕi¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʂɒ⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /sɑʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /sak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /ʃɑk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛk̚²/
    Nanning /sɛk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /sɛk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚⁵/
    /t͡sioʔ⁵/
    /sia²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡siɔ⁴⁴/
    /si⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sioʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
    /t͡sio³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shí
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shí
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dAk/
    English stone

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11470
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djaɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. stone; rock

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From (dàn) (Qiu, 1988).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. a unit of dry measure for grain (equal to 100 liters)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いし
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] Likely cognate with (iso, a pebble; gravel; a rocky beach).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いし, rōmaji ishi)

    1. stone
      • 1999 March 27, “ストーン・アルマジラー [Stone Armadiller]”, in Vol.2 (in Japanese), Konami:
         (からだ) (いし)のように (かた) () (おお)われており、 (まも)りがかたい。
        Karada ga ishi no yō ni katai ke de ōwareteori, mamori ga katai.
        With a body covered in a coat as hard as stones, its defense is rock solid.
    2. (slang, electronics) transistor

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana こく, rōmaji koku)

    1. koku (traditional Japanese unit of volume, approx. 180 litres)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana せき, rōmaji -seki)

    1. (slang, electronics) transistor, especially discrete ones
       (ろく) (せき)ラジオ
      rokuseki rajio
      six-transistor radio

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (dol seok))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thạch, đán)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (ishi).

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

    1. stone