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U+9C52, 鱒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9C52

[U+9C51]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9C53]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +12, 23 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿田戈 (NFTWI), four-corner 28346, composition)

  1. barbel

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1478, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46492
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2009, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4715, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9C52

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsuːn
*ʔsuːn
*ʔsuːn
*ʔsuːn, *ʔsun
*ʔsuːn
*ʔsuːnʔ
*ʔsuːnʔ
*ʔsuːnʔ
*ʔsuːnʔ
*zuːn
*zuːnʔ, *zuːns
*zuːns
*ʔsun
*ʔsun, *zun
*sʰun
*sʰun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zuːnʔ, *zuːns): semantic  (fish) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsuːn).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (55) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuonX/ /d͡zuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwənX/ /d͡zwənH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuənX/ /d͡zʱuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zùn zùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17994 17995
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zuːnʔ/ /*zuːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ます
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Generally thought to derive from a Korean dialectal term for the fish, which would have entered Japanese as (matsu no uo, "pine fish", possibly in reference to wooded streams where it can be caught), combining with or being influenced by the verb 増す (masu, "to be excellent, superior", in reference to the size, flavor, and other favorable characteristics of the fish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ます, katakana マス, rōmaji masu)

  1. trout, sea trout: more specifically, fish belonging to genera of the family Salmonidae: Salmo, Oncorhynchus, Coregonus, or Salvelinus

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as マス.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jun) (hangeul , revised jun, McCune-Reischauer chun, Yale cwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.