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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(fish) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +12, 23 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿田戈 (NFTWI), four-corner 28346)

  1. barbel

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1478, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46492
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2009, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4715, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9C52

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zʱuənX/ /d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuonX/ /d͡zwənX/ /d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuənH/ /d͡zʱuənH/ /d͡zuənH/ /d͡zuonH/ /d͡zwənH/ /d͡zuənH/ /d͡zuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17994 2 /*zuːnʔ/
17995 2 /*zuːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Generally thought to derive from a Korean dialectal term for the fish, which would have entered Japanese as (matsu no uo, "pine fish", possibly in reference to wooded streams where it can be caught), combining with or being influenced by the verb 増す (masu, "to be excellent, superior", in reference to the size, flavor, and other favorable characteristics of the fish).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ます, katakana マス, romaji masu)

  1. trout, sea trout: more specifically, fish belonging to genera of the family Salmonidae: Salmo, Oncorhynchus, Coregonus, or Salvelinus

Usage notes[edit]

  • As with many biological and scientific terms, this word is more often spelled in katakana as マス.

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jun) (hangeul , revised jun, McCune-Reischauer chun, Yale cwun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.