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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
本-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木一 (DM), four-corner 50230, composition)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1151, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+672C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Derived from (“tree”) by the addition of an extra stroke, representing roots.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pən²¹⁴/
Harbin /pən²¹³/
Tianjin /pən¹³/
Jinan /pẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pən⁵³/
Xi'an /pẽ⁵³/
Xining /pə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /pəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pən⁴²/
Chengdu /pən⁵³/
Guiyang /pen⁴²/
Kunming /pə̃⁵³/
Nanjing /pən²¹²/
Hefei /pən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /pəŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pə̃ŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pəŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /pən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pen⁵³/
Wenzhou /paŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /pɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pən⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pɨn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pun³¹/
Taoyuan /pun³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pun³⁵/
Nanning /pun³⁵/
Hong Kong /pun³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pun⁵³/
/pŋ̍⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /puŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²¹³/
/ʔbui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/puənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/puonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/puənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pwənX/
Li
Rong
/puənX/
Wang
Li
/puənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/puənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
běn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
běn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pwonX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/
English tree trunk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 473
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of plants) root; stem
  2. source; origin; root
  3. foundation; basis
  4. edition; version; copy
  5. originally; initially
  6. current; present
      ―  běnnián  ―  current year
  7. this; here
      ―  běnrén  ―  I [lit. this person]
  8. Classifier for books, periodicals, files.  all nouns using this classifier
    /   ―  běn shū  ―  a book
    雜誌 / 杂志  ―  běn zázhì  ―  a magazine
  9. volume

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana もと, romaji -moto)

  1. blades of grass and tree trunks
  2. falcons

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. Alternative form of

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana ほん, romaji -hon)

  1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
  2. films or TV shows
  3. home runs or goals
  4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana ほん, romaji hon)

  1. a book
  2. a script; a scenario

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: pon, Yale: pon)
  • Name (hangeul): 뿌리 (ppuri)()
  1. stump, root, basis
  2. main
  3. oneself

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bản, bộn, bủn, vỏn, vốn, bốn, bổn, bún, pắn, vẩn, tựợng)

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