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See also:
U+672C, 本
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-672C

[U+672B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+672D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
本-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木一 (DM), four-corner 50230, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1151, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+672C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
本-bronze.svg 本-seal.svg 本-bigseal.svg

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its bottom highlighted with an extra stroke, accentuating the roots; contrast , .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(b/p)ul (root; stump; tree) (STEDT). Cognate with Mizo bul (cause; beginning; root; stump), Jingpho phun (tree; bush; stalk; wood), Garo bol (tree).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • běnr - “capital, principal; book; script; classifier for books, plays, films”.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Quanzhou and Taiwan:
      • pún - literary;
      • pńg - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pən²¹⁴/
    Harbin /pən²¹³/
    Tianjin /pən¹³/
    Jinan /pẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /pə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pən⁵³/
    Xi'an /pẽ⁵³/
    Xining /pə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pə̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /pɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pən⁴²/
    Chengdu /pən⁵³/
    Guiyang /pen⁴²/
    Kunming /pə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /pən²¹²/
    Hefei /pən²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /pəŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /pə̃ŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /pəŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /pən⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /pen⁵³/
    Wenzhou /paŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /pɛ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pən⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /pən⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /pɨn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pun³¹/
    Taoyuan /pun³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pun³⁵/
    Nanning /pun³⁵/
    Hong Kong /pun³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pun⁵³/
    /pŋ̍⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /puŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²¹³/
    /ʔbui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puənX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /puonX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puənX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwənX/
    Li
    Rong
    /puənX/
    Wang
    Li
    /puənX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puənX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    běn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    běn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pwonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.pˁə[n]ʔ/
    English tree trunk

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 473
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of plants) root; stem
    2. source; origin; root
      努力工作成功 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Nǔlì gōngzuò shì chénggōng zhī běn. [Pinyin]
      Hard work is the ultimate source of success.
    3. foundation; basis
      謙遜美德 / 谦逊美德  ―  Qiānxùn shì měidé zhī běn.  ―  Humility is the foundation of all virtue.
    4. edition; version; copy
      標點 / 标点  ―  biāodiǎn běn  ―  punctuated edition
        ―  sòng běn  ―  Song-era edition
    5. originally; initially
    6. current; present
        ―  běnnián  ―  current year
      財政全部投資預算用完 [MSC, trad.]
      财政全部投资预算用完 [MSC, simp.]
      Běn cáizhèng nián dù de quánbù tóuzī yùsuàn yǐ yòngwán. [Pinyin]
      We have already used up our total investment budget for the current fiscal year.
    7. this; here; this very
        ―  běnrén  ―  I [lit. this person]
      戲精 / 戏精  ―  xìjīng běn jīng  ―  drama queen him/herself
      下面Y先生簽名 [MSC, trad.]
      下面Y先生签名 [MSC, simp.]
      Běn hán xiàmiàn suǒ shì xì Y xiānshēng de qiānmíng. [Pinyin]
      You will find the signature of Mr. Y. at the foot hereof.
    8. Classifier for books, periodicals, files.all nouns using this classifier
      /   ―  běn shū  ―  a book
      雜誌 / 杂志  ―  běn zázhì  ―  a magazine
    9. volume

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (classifier for books, periodicals, files): (Min Nan) (juǎn)

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (もと) (-moto

    1. blades of grass and tree trunks
    2. falcons

    Noun[edit]

    (もと) (moto (counter )

    1. Alternative form of

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (ほん) (-hon

    1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
    2. films or TV shows
    3. home runs or goals
    4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo
    See also[edit]
    Japanese number-counter combinations for (ほん) (hon)
    1 2 3 4 5
    (いっ)(ぽん) (ippon) ()(ほん) (nihon) (さん)(ぼん) (sanbon) (よん)(ほん) (yonhon) ()(ほん) (gohon)
    6 7 8 9 10
    (ろっ)(ぽん) (roppon) (なな)(ほん) (nanahon)
    (しち)(ほん) (shichihon)
    (はっ)(ぽん) (happon)
    (はち)(ほん) (hachihon)
    (きゅう)(ほん) (kyūhon) (じゅっ)(ぽん) (juppon)
    (じっ)(ぽん) (jippon)
    100 1,000 10,000 How many?
    (ひゃっ)(ぽん) (hyappon) (せん)(ぼん) (senbon) (いち)(まん)(ぼん) (ichimanbon) (なん)(ぼん) (nanbon)
    (なん)(ほん) (nanhon)
    (なん)(ぽん) (nanpon)

    Noun[edit]

    (ほん) (hon (counter )

    1. a book
    2. a script; a scenario
    3. source; origin; root

    Prefix[edit]

    (ほん) (hon-

    1. current, this, the matter in question
      (ほん)(たい)(かい)hontaikaithis event; today’s competition
    2. original, actual, base
      (ほん)山葵(わさび)honwasabireal wasabi (as opposed to horseradish or other substitutes)
      (ほん)(だい)(じん)hondaijinthe cabinet member (on whose behalf a proxy speaks)

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC puənX). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pwon) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 근본 (geunbon bon))

    1. Hanja form? of (root; basis; foundation; stem).
    2. Hanja form? of (source; origin).
    3. Hanja form? of (main; primary; principal).
    4. Hanja form? of (mind; nature; essence; true self).
    5. Hanja form? of (ancestor; fatherland; hometown).
    6. Hanja form? of (counter for books; book; publication).
    7. Hanja form? of (model; version).
    8. Hanja form? of (this; this very).
    9. Hanja form? of ((finance) principal).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    むとぅ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana むとぅ, rōmaji mutu)

    1. Alternative form of

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ふん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana ふん, rōmaji -fun)

    1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
      くぬ () (ふの) (しん) (をぅー)りやっさん。
      Kunu nifunō shin-nu wūriyassan.
      The lead in these 2 is easy to break.
    2. films or TV shows
    3. home runs or goals
    4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo

    References[edit]

    • ムトゥ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
    • フン” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: bổn ((bố)(thỗn)(thiết))[1][2][3][4], bản[1][5]
    : Nôm readings: vốn[1][2][5][6][3][4][7], bộn[1][5][6][3][4][7], bổn[2][5][3][7], bủn[6][3][4][7], bốn[1][2][5], vỏn[5][6][3], bỏn[5][4][7], bản[1][2], vón[1], bọn[4]

    1. Hán tự form of bản (basis; origin).
    2. Nôm form of vốn (capital; bond; fund).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]