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See also:
U+672C, 本
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-672C

[U+672B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+672D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
本-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 木一 (DM), four-corner 50230, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 509, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14421
  • Dae Jaweon: page 891, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1151, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+672C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
本-bronze.svg 本-seal.svg 本-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ, *bɯːnʔ
*pɯːnʔ
*pʰɯːnʔ
*bɯːnʔ
*poːd
*poːd

Derived from (“tree”) by the addition of an extra stroke, accentuating the roots.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou and Taiwan:
    • pún - literary;
    • pńg - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pən²¹⁴/
    Harbin /pən²¹³/
    Tianjin /pən¹³/
    Jinan /pẽ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /pə̃⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pən⁵³/
    Xi'an /pẽ⁵³/
    Xining /pə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pə̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /pɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pən⁴²/
    Chengdu /pən⁵³/
    Guiyang /pen⁴²/
    Kunming /pə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /pən²¹²/
    Hefei /pən²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ⁵³/
    Pingyao /pəŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /pə̃ŋ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /pəŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /pən⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /pen⁵³/
    Wenzhou /paŋ³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³⁵/
    Tunxi /pɛ³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pən⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /pən⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /pɨn²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pun³¹/
    Taoyuan /pun³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pun³⁵/
    Nanning /pun³⁵/
    Hong Kong /pun³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pun⁵³/
    /pŋ̍⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /puŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbun²¹³/
    /ʔbui²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puənX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /puonX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puənX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwənX/
    Li
    Rong
    /puənX/
    Wang
    Li
    /puənX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puənX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    běn
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    běn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pwonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.pˤə[n]ʔ/
    English tree trunk

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 473
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of plants) root; stem
    2. source; origin; root
    3. foundation; basis
    4. edition; version; copy
    5. originally; initially
    6. current; present
        ―  běnnián  ―  current year
    7. this; here; this very
        ―  běnrén  ―  I [lit. this person]
    8. Classifier for books, periodicals, files.all nouns using this classifier
      /   ―  běn shū  ―  a book
      雜誌 / 杂志  ―  běn zázhì  ―  a magazine
    9. volume

    Antonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    もと
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana もと, rōmaji -moto)

    1. blades of grass and tree trunks
    2. falcons

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana もと, rōmaji moto)

    1. Alternative form of

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ほん
    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana ほん, rōmaji -hon)

    1. long cylindrical things such as glasses of drink, pairs of jeans, pens or trains and buses
    2. films or TV shows
    3. home runs or goals
    4. rounds of a match in boxing, wrestling or judo

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana ほん, rōmaji hon)

    1. a book
    2. a script; a scenario

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bon)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: pon, Yale: pon)
      • Name (hangeul): 뿌리 (ppuri)
    1. stump, root, basis
    2. main
    3. oneself

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bản, bổn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.