根本

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Chinese[edit]

radical (chem.); root; basis
 
roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word)
simp. and trad.
(根本)

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

根本

  1. fundamental; basic; essential
    來說我們國家根本問題我們教學系統 [MSC, trad.]
    来说我们国家根本问题我们教学系统 [MSC, simp.]
    Duì wǒ láishuō, wǒmen guójiā de gēnběn wèntí shì wǒmen de jiàoxué xìtǒng. [Pinyin]
    The way I see it, our country's basic problem is our education system.

Adverb[edit]

根本

  1. simply; absolutely; at all
    根本知道哪裡入手工作 [MSC, trad.]
    根本知道哪里入手工作 [MSC, simp.]
    gēnběn bù zhīdào cóng nǎlǐ rùshǒu zhǎo gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
    He has absolutely no idea how to start looking for work.
  2. radically; thoroughly
    根本解決問題 [MSC, trad.]
    根本解决问题 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ xiǎng cóng gēnběn jiějué wèntí. [Pinyin]
    I'd like to settle this problem once and for all.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The adverb in Sense #1 is almost always followed by a negative expression.

Noun[edit]

根本

  1. root; foundation; base; basis
    我們應該把握問題根本 [MSC, trad.]
    我们应该把握问题根本 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen yìnggāi bǎwò wèntí de gēnběn. [Pinyin]
    We should get to the root of the problem.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 3
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

根本 ‎(hiragana こんぽん, romaji konpon)

  1. foundation, basis
  2. root, origin

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
もと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

根本 ‎(hiragana ねもと, romaji Nemoto)

  1. A surname​.