根本

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Chinese[edit]

radical (chem.); root; basis
 
roots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; (a measure word)
simp. and trad.
(根本)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • geng1 bung2 - Chaozhou;
  • ging1 beng2 - Chaoyang.

Adjective[edit]

根本

  1. fundamental; basic; essential
    來說我們國家根本問題我們教學系統 [MSC, trad.]
    来说我们国家根本问题我们教学系统 [MSC, simp.]
    Duì wǒ láishuō, wǒmen guójiā de gēnběn wèntí shì wǒmen de jiàoxué xìtǒng. [Pinyin]
    The way I see it, our country's basic problem is our education system.

Adverb[edit]

根本

  1. at all; simply; absolutely
    根本知道哪裡入手工作 [MSC, trad.]
    根本知道哪里入手工作 [MSC, simp.]
    gēnběn bù zhīdào cóng nǎlǐ rùshǒu zhǎo gōngzuò. [Pinyin]
    He has absolutely no idea how to start looking for work.
    根本沒有童年 [MSC, trad.]
    根本没有童年 [MSC, simp.]
    gēnběn jiù méiyǒu tóngnián. [Pinyin]
    She didn't have any kind of childhood.
  2. radically; thoroughly
    根本解決問題 [MSC, trad.]
    根本解决问题 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ xiǎng cóng gēnběn jiějué wèntí. [Pinyin]
    I'd like to settle this problem once and for all.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The adverb in Sense #1 is almost always followed by a negative expression.

Noun[edit]

根本

  1. root; foundation; base; basis
    我們應該把握問題根本 [MSC, trad.]
    我们应该把握问题根本 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒmen yìnggāi bǎwò wèntí de gēnběn. [Pinyin]
    We should get to the root of the problem.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 3
ほん > ぽん
Grade: 1
on’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

根本 (hiragana こんぽん, rōmaji konpon)

  1. foundation; basis
  2. root; origin
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
もと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

根本 (hiragana ねもと, rōmaji Nemoto)

  1. A surname​.